Angelina Sacchi

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The NGR peptide motif is an aminopeptidase N (CD13) ligand that targets angiogenic blood vessels. NGR-containing peptides have proven useful for delivering cytotoxic drugs, proapoptotic peptides, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha(TNF) to tumor vasculature. Given that CD13 is not only expressed in the angiogenic endothelium but also in other cell types, the(More)
Drug delivery and penetration into neoplastic cells distant from tumor vessels are critical for the effectiveness of solid-tumor chemotherapy. We have found that targeted delivery to tumor vessels of picogram doses of TNF-alpha (TNF), a cytokine able to alter endothelial barrier function and tumor interstitial pressure, enhances the penetration of(More)
Despite the impressive results obtained in animal models, the clinical use of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF) as an anticancer drug is limited by severe toxicity. We have shown previously that targeted delivery of TNF to aminopeptidase N (CD13), a marker of angiogenic vessels, improved the therapeutic index of this cytokine in tumor-bearing mice. To(More)
PURPOSE Subnanogram doses of NGR-tumor necrosis factor (TNF), a TNF-alpha derivative able to target tumor neovessels, can enhance the antitumor activity of doxorubicin and melphalan in murine models. We have examined the antitumor activity of NGR-TNF in combination with various chemotherapeutic drugs acting via different mechanisms, including, besides(More)
Recent studies support the potential application of the wt-p53 gene in cancer therapy. Expression of exogenous wt-p53 suppresses a variety of leukaemia phenotypes by acting on cell survival, proliferation and/or differentiation. As for tumour gene therapy, the final fate of the neoplastic cells is one of the most relevant points. We examined the effects of(More)
Various NGR-containing peptides have been exploited for targeted delivery of drugs to CD13-positive tumor neovasculature. Recent studies have shown that compounds containing this motif can rapidly deamidate and generate isoaspartate-glycine-arginine (isoDGR), a ligand of alphavbeta3-integrin that can be also exploited for drug delivery to tumors. We have(More)
NGR-TNF is a derivative of TNF-α that targets tumor blood vessels and enhances penetration of chemotherapeutic drugs. Because of this property, NGR-TNF is being tested in combination with chemotherapy in various phase II and III clinical trials. Here we report that chromogranin A (CgA), a protein present in variable amounts in the blood of normal subjects(More)
High-dose endothelial-monocyte activating polypeptide II (EMAP-II), a tumor-derived antiangiogenic cytokine, can sensitize tumor vasculature to the damaging activity of high-dose tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha. However, this combination cannot be used for systemic treatment of patients because of prohibitive toxicity. We have found that this limitation(More)
NGR-TNF is a derivative of TNF-alpha, consisting of TNF fused to CNGRCG, a tumor vasculature-targeting peptide. Previous studies showed that NGR-TNF can exert synergistic antitumor effects with doxorubicin and with other chemotherapeutic drugs in murine models. In this study, we have investigated the role of endogenous IFN-gamma on the antitumor activity of(More)
Because of its immunomodulatory and anticancer activities, IFNgamma has been used as an anticancer drug in several clinical studies, unfortunately with modest results. Attempts to increase the response by increasing the dose or by repeated continuous injection often resulted in lower efficacy, likely due to counterregulatory effects. We show here that(More)