Angelina S. Palma

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Mutations in the receptor-binding site of the hemagglutinin of pandemic influenza A(H1N1) 2009 viruses have been detected sporadically. An Asp222Gly (D222G) substitution has been associated with severe or fatal disease. Here we show that 222G variants infected a higher proportion of ciliated cells in cultures of human airway epithelium than did viruses with(More)
The human JC polyomavirus (JCV) causes a fatal demyelinating disease, progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML), in immunocompromised individuals. Current treatment options for PML are inadequate. Sialylated oligosaccharides and the serotonin receptor are known to be necessary for JCV entry, but the molecular interactions underlying JCV attachment(More)
CLECSF8 is a poorly characterized member of the "Dectin-2 cluster" of C-type lectin receptors and was originally thought to be expressed exclusively by macrophages. We show here that CLECSF8 is primarily expressed by peripheral blood neutrophils and monocytes and weakly by several subsets of peripheral blood dendritic cells. However, expression of this(More)
Dectin-1 is a C-type lectin-like receptor on leukocytes that mediates phagocytosis and inflammatory mediator production in innate immunity to fungal pathogens. Dectin-1 lacks residues involved in calcium ligation that mediates carbohydrate-binding by classical C-type lectins; nevertheless, it binds zymosan, a particulate beta-glucan-rich extract of(More)
We have partially characterised an alpha4-fucosyltransferase (alpha4-FucT) from Vaccinium myrtillus, which catalysed the biosynthesis of the Lewis(a) adhesion determinant. The enzyme was stable up to 50 degrees C. The optimum pH was 7.0, both in the presence and in the absence of Mn(2+). The enzyme was inhibited by Mn(2+) and Co(2+), and showed resistance(More)
Anti-beta-glucan antibodies elicited by a laminarin-conjugate vaccine confer cross-protection to mice challenged with major fungal pathogens such as Candida albicans, Aspergillus fumigatus and Cryptococcus neoformans. To gain insights into protective beta-glucan epitope(s) and protection mechanisms, we studied two anti-beta-glucan monoclonal antibodies(More)
The Golgi apparatus (GA) appears disrupted in motor neurons of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Here, mouse motor neuron-like NSC-34 cell lines stably expressing human superoxide dismutase 1 (hSOD1)wt and mutant hSOD1G93A, as an ALS cell model, were constructed. The number of cells with disrupted GA increased from 14% to 34%. Furthermore,(More)
Carbohydrate chains of glycoproteins, glycolipids, proteoglycans, and polysaccharides mediate processes of biological and medical importance through their interactions with complementary proteins. The unraveling of these interactions is therefore a priority in biomedical sciences. Carbohydrate microarray technology is a new development at the frontier of(More)
Immunologically, "self" carbohydrates protect the HIV-1 surface glycoprotein, gp120, from antibody recognition. However, one broadly neutralizing antibody, 2G12, neutralizes primary viral isolates by direct recognition of Manalpha1-->2Man motifs formed by the host-derived oligomannose glycans of the viral envelope. Immunogens, capable of eliciting(More)