Learn More
A graphical method of analysis applicable to ligands that bind reversibly to receptors or enzymes requiring the simultaneous measurement of plasma and tissue radioactivities for multiple times after the injection of a radiolabeled tracer is presented. It is shown that there is a time t after which a plot of integral of t0ROI(t')dt'/ROI(t) versus integral of(More)
Decreased dopaminergic function has been postulated to underlie cocaine addiction. To examine the possibility that dysfunction of brain regions subserved by the dopamine system could promote cocaine self-administration, positron emission tomography and a dual-tracer approach was used to examine dopamine D2 receptor availability and regional brain glucose(More)
The regional distributions of monoamine oxidase (MAO) types A and B have been identified in human brain in vivo with intravenously injected 11C-labeled suicide enzyme inactivators, clorgyline and L-deprenyl, and positron emission tomography. The rapid brain uptake and retention of radioactivity for both 11C tracers indicated irreversible trapping. The(More)
Extensive neuroanatomical, neurophysiological, and behavioral evidence demonstrates that GABAergic neurons inhibit endogenous dopamine release in the mammalian corpus striatum. Positron emission tomography (PET) studies in adult female baboons, using the dopamine D2-specific radiotracer 11C-raclopride, were undertaken to assess the utility of this imaging(More)
The effects of aging on brain dopamine transporters was evaluated in 26 healthy male volunteers (age range, 21-63 years) using positron emission tomography and [11C]cocaine. The ratio of the distribution volume for [11C]cocaine in basal ganglia to that in cerebellum was used as a model parameter for dopamine transporter availability and showed a significant(More)
This study investigates the rate of age-related dopamine D2 receptor loss as determined by positron emission tomography (PET) and 11C-raclopride and compares it with D2 loss previously estimated with 18F-N-methylspiroperidol (NMS). Dopamine D2 receptors were measured with 11C-raclopride in 24 healthy volunteers (24-73 years of age) using the ratio of the(More)
To evaluate the effects of ethanol in the human brain, we tested six normal subjects and six alcoholics using positron emission tomography and 2-deoxy-2-[18F]-fluoro-D-glucose (FDG) under baseline conditions and 24 hours later after ethanol administration (1 g/kg). Ethanol inhibited cortical and cerebellar glucose metabolism with relative sparing of the(More)
UNLABELLED This study evaluates intersubject variability on regional glucose metabolic values in a group of 50 healthy right-handed males between 20 and 40 yr of age. METHODS Brain glucose metabolism was measured using PET and 2-deoxy-2[18F]fluoro-D-glucose under resting conditions and was separately assessed for subjects in their twenties (n = 34) and(More)
Bilateral decreases in striatal 11C-raclopride binding were observed in adult female baboons with high resolution PET following administration of drugs that act centrally on dopaminergic neurons. At baseline and following administration of d-amphetamine (a dopamine-releasing drug), GBR-12909 (a potent dopamine reuptake inhibitor), or tetrabenazine (a(More)
Neurological complications from cocaine use are well recognized. We propose that chronic cocaine use can also cause clinically silent brain dysfunction. We investigated brain glucose metabolism with positron emission tomography (PET) and 2-deoxy-2[18F] fluoro-D-glucose (FDG) in 21 neurologically intact chronic cocaine abusers (C) and 18 normal controls (N).(More)