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RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES The objective of this study was to determine how metabolite values (total N-acetyl aspartate [tNAA], glutamate plus glutamine [Glx], total choline [tCho], myoinositol [mI], and total creatine [tCr]) vary across brain regions in healthy subjects. This study was implemented to create an internal reference database for patients with(More)
PURPOSE The objective of our study was to gain further insight into the extent of local metabolic alterations in patients with idiopathic generalised epilepsy (IGE), respectively, the subgroup with generalised tonic-clonic seizures (GTCS). The extent of regional metabolic involvement perhaps indicates the key structures in generation of seizures and(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Perfusion and angiographic imaging using intravenous contrast application to evaluate stroke patients is now technically feasible by flat detector CT performed by the angiographic system. The aim of this pilot study was to show the feasibility and qualitative comparability of a novel flat detector CT dynamic perfusion and angiographic(More)
PURPOSE The objective of this study was to determine if levetiracetam (LEV) modulates brain γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in patients with epilepsy. METHODS Occipital GABA was assessed by protein magnetic resonance spectroscopy (¹H-MRS) in 16 patients with focal epilepsy at baseline and following the initiation of oral administration of LEV as monotherapy.(More)
PURPOSE This study aimed to investigate the potential contribution of morphometric MRI analysis in comparison to other modalities, such as MEG, SPECT and PET, in identifying the epileptogenic focus in patients with cryptogenic epilepsy. PATIENTS AND METHODS Study inclusion was limited to epilepsy patients with a monolobar focus hypothesis, as concluded(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic inflammatory demyelinating diseases of the CNS typically show a limited lesion size. However, extended lesions may appear with an atypical configuration. Large lesions with a diameter>2cm accompanied by tumor-like edema are entitled "tumefactive" and may occur in multiple sclerosis (MS) and other demyelinating diseases. Historically,(More)
PURPOSE For safe 3T-MRI of patients with VNS (vagus nerve stimulator), specific conditions are mandatory. However, application of these conditions can lead to a loss of image quality. In this work, we evaluated the diagnostic value of 3T-MRI in VNS patients with pharmacoresistant epilepsy. METHODS Using a transmit-and-receive head coil and adapting our(More)
Metal artefacts can impair accurate diagnosis of haemorrhage using flat detector CT (FD-CT), especially after aneurysm coiling. Within this work we evaluate a prototype metal artefact reduction algorithm by comparison of the artefact-reduced and the non-artefact-reduced FD-CT images to pre-treatment FD-CT and multi-slice CT images. Twenty-five patients with(More)
BACKGROUND The X-linked creatine transporter deficiency (CRTD) caused by an SLC6A8 mutation represents the second most common cause of X-linked intellectual disability. The clinical phenotype ranges from mild to severe intellectual disability, epilepsy, short stature, poor language skills, and autism spectrum disorders. The objective of this study was to(More)
Several studies and recent models of effects of nicotine, the main addictive and psychoactive component in tobacco, point to action of the drug on the limbic system during maintenance of addiction, either direct or indirect via projections from the ventral tegmental area. The objective of this study was to demonstrate physiological effects of cigarette(More)