Angelika Kusch

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Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) receptors represent a novel subfamily of G-protein-coupled receptors binding S1P specifically and with high affinity. Although their in vivo functions remain largely unknown, in vitro extracellular application of S1P induces distinct S1P receptor-dependent cellular responses including proliferation, differentiation, and(More)
Janus kinases Jak1 and Tyk2 play an important role in urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA)-dependent signaling. We have recently demonstrated that both kinases are associated with the uPA receptor (uPAR) and mediate uPA-induced activation of signal transducers and activators of transcription (Stat1, Stat2, and Stat4) in human vascular smooth muscle(More)
BACKGROUND Prolonged cold preservation frequently causes delayed renal graft function resulting from tubular epithelial injury. Inhibition of signal transduction downstream from protein kinase C (PKC) may reduce renal ischemia-reperfusion injury and confer renal graft protection. We therefore evaluated the effect of sotrastaurin, a small-molecule inhibitor(More)
Antibody-mediated mechanisms directed against non-HLA related targets may exert negative impact on allograft function and survival. Angiotensin type 1 receptor (AT(1)R) emerges as a functional target for non-HLA allo- and autoantibodies (AT(1)R-Abs) comprising of IgG1 and IgG3 subclasses. Proof of concept for pathophysiologic relevance of AT(1)R-Abs in(More)
OBJECTIVE Vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) and circulating mesenchymal progenitor cells (MSCs) with a VSMC phenotype contribute to neointima formation and lumen loss after angioplasty and during allograft arteriosclerosis. We hypothesized that phosphoinositol-Akt-mammalian target of rapamycin-p70S6 kinase (PI3K/Akt/mTOR/p70S6K) pathway activation(More)
Interactions of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) with monocytes recruited to the arterial wall at a site of injury, with resultant modulation of VSMC growth and migration, are central to the development of vascular intimal thickening. Urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) expressed by monocytes is a potent chemotactic factor for VSMC and might serve(More)
The urokinase (uPA)/urokinase receptor (uPAR) multifunctional system is an important mediator of migration and proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC). However, whether uPA/uPAR-directed mechanisms are involved in the beneficial effects of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase inhibitors on vascular remodeling remains unexplored. In(More)
AIMS Oestrogen receptor alpha (ERα) and beta (ERβ) are involved in the regulation of pathological myocardial hypertrophy (MH). We hypothesize that both ER are also involved in physiological MH. Therefore, we investigated the role of ER in exercise-induced physiological MH in loss-of-function models and studied potential mechanisms of action. METHODS AND(More)
After vascular injury, a remodeling process occurs that features leukocyte migration and infiltration. Loss of endothelial integrity allows the leukocytes to interact with vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) and to elicit "marching orders"; however, the signaling processes are poorly understood. We found that human monocytes inhibit VSMC proliferation and(More)
AIMS Recent evidence suggests that the zonula occludens protein 2 (ZO-2) might have additional cellular functions, beyond regulation of paracellular permeability of epithelial and endothelial cells. Deregulation of ZO-2 in response to ischaemia, hypertensive stress, and vascular injury implies its involvement in cardiovascular disorders, most likely via(More)