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The fragile X(A) or FRAXA syndrome is the most common form of familial mental retardation and is associated with a fragile site at Xq27.3. The gene responsible for the FRAXA syndrome, the FMR1 gene, has been cloned. inactivation of the FMR1 gene is associated with amplification of a trinucle-otide CGG repeat sequence and methylation of an adjacent CpG(More)
We report an 8-year-old girl with coarse facial features, macrocrania and developmental delay. Cranial anomalies in the form of hydrocephalus and Dandy-Walker (DW) variant malformation were detected on neuro-imaging. Karyotyping revealed a de novo interstitial deletion of bands 3q25.1 to 3q25.33. Deletion of the 3q24-q26 region appears to be associated with(More)
BACKGROUND The clinical benefit of determining the status of HER-2/neu amplification in breast cancer patients is well accepted. Although immunohistochemistry (IHC) is the most frequently used method to assess the over-expression of HER-2 protein, fluorescent in-situ hybridization (FISH) is recognized as the "gold standard" for the determining of HER-2/neu(More)
Cytogenetic studies of a 16-year-old female with behaviour and learning problems revealed that one X chromosome had additional material inserted at Xq21. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis showed that the inserted segment contained heterochromatin and adjacent euchromatin of chromosome 1 origin. The karyotype of this patient was established(More)
A 7-year-old female was referred to the Genetics Clinic because of developmental delay and attentional difficulty. The patient was adopted and there was a nonspecific prenatal history of drug and alcohol abuse. The patient had clinical signs that were not compatible with typical fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), although there was a history of alcohol exposure(More)
BACKGROUND The onset of progressive cerebellar ataxia in early childhood is considered a key feature of ataxia-telangiectasia (A-T), accompanied by ocular apraxia, telangiectasias, immunodeficiency, cancer susceptibility and hypersensitivity to ionizing radiation. METHODS We describe the clinical features and course of three Mennonite children who were(More)
BACKGROUND 1q21.1 Copy Number Variant (CNV) is associated with a highly variable phenotype ranging from congenital anomalies, learning deficits/intellectual disability (ID), to a normal phenotype. Hence, the clinical significance of this CNV can be difficult to evaluate. Here we described the consequences of the 1q21.1 CNV on genome-wide gene expression and(More)
The regions near telomeres of human chromosomes are gene rich. Chromosome subtelomere rearrangements occur with a frequency of 7-10% in children with mild-to-moderate mental retardation (MR) and approximately 50% of cases are familial. Clinical investigation of subtelomere rearrangements is now prompted by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis(More)
Disorders of sex development (DSD) are congenital conditions in which chromosomal, gonadal, or phenotypic sex is atypical. Clinical management of DSD is often difficult and currently only 13% of patients receive an accurate clinical genetic diagnosis. To address this we have developed a massively parallel sequencing targeted DSD gene panel which allows us(More)