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Andersen's syndrome is characterized by periodic paralysis, cardiac arrhythmias, and dysmorphic features. We have mapped an Andersen's locus to chromosome 17q23 near the inward rectifying potassium channel gene KCNJ2. A missense mutation in KCNJ2 (encoding D71V) was identified in the linked family. Eight additional mutations were identified in unrelated(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the validity and reliability of the Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) neuropathy score (CMTNS) in patients with inherited neuropathy. BACKGROUND Natural history studies and potential treatment trials for patients with various forms of CMT are limited by the lack of quantitative methodologies to monitor disease progression. Most(More)
Andersen syndrome (AS) is a rare, inherited disorder characterized by periodic paralysis, long QT (LQT) with ventricular arrhythmias, and skeletal developmental abnormalities. We recently established that AS is caused by mutations in KCNJ2, which encodes the inward rectifier K(+) channel Kir2.1. In this report, we characterized the functional consequences(More)
Modern techniques have defined the hereditary motor and sensory neuropathies (HMSN) as a genetically heterogeneous group of disorders. This includes a rare variant with X-linked dominant inheritance. We have traced this disorder through 6 generations of a large Canadian kindred; neurological and electrophysiological examinations were performed in 57 family(More)
Thirty patients with definite or probable chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP) of chronic progressive (16 patients) or relapsing (14 patients) course were randomly assigned to receive intravenous immunoglobulin (IvIg) 0.4 g per kg body weight or a placebo treatment on 5 consecutive days in a double-blind, cross-over trial.(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify the cause of hypokalemic periodic paralysis (HOKPP) in a family whose disease is not caused by a mutation in the dihydropyridine-sensitive (DHP) receptor alpha1-subunit gene (CACNA1S). BACKGROUND Hypokalemic periodic paralysis is primarily caused by mutations within CACNA1S. Genetic heterogeneity for HOKPP has been reported, but no(More)
Mutations in the connexin 32 gene (Cx 32) are associated with the x-linked form of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMTX) and segregate with a CMT 1 phenotype. The gap junction protein Cx 32 is expressed in myelinating Schwann cells and has been localized to regions of non-compacted cytoplasm in paranodes and in Schmidt-Lanterman incisures. Mutant Cx 32 myelin(More)
This review summarizes observations of clinical use of high dose intravenous immunoglobulin G (IVIg) in regards to administration, kinetics, known or postulated mechanisms of action, and adverse reactions. Indications and value of IVIg for the treatment of various neuropathies with presumed autoimmune aetiology are examined. New knowledge that advances the(More)
Canada's per capita use of intravenous immune globulin (IVIG) grew by approximately 115% between 1998 and 2006, making Canada one of the world's highest per capita users of IVIG. It is believed that most of this growth is attributable to off-label usage. To help ensure IVIG use is in keeping with an evidence-based approach to the practice of medicine, the(More)
Eighteen patients with definite, untreated chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP) of chronic progressive (nine patients) or relapsing course (nine patients) were randomized prospectively to receive 10 plasma-exchange (PE) or sham plasma-exchange (SPE) treatments over 4 weeks in a double-blind trial. After a wash-out period of 5(More)