Angelika Bröer

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Observations on lactate transport in brain cells and cardiac myocytes indicate the presence of a high-affinity monocarboxylate transporter. The rat monocarboxylate transporter isoform MCT2 was analysed by expression in Xenopus laevis oocytes and the results were compared with the known characteristics of lactate transport in heart and brain. Monocarboxylate(More)
Resorption of amino acids in kidney and intestine is mediated by transporters, which prefer groups of amino acids with similar physico-chemical properties. It is generally assumed that most neutral amino acids are transported across the apical membrane of epithelial cells by system B(0). Here we have characterized a novel member of the Na(+)-dependent(More)
The cationic amino acid arginine, due to its positive charge, is usually accumulated in the cytosol. Nevertheless, arginine has to be released by a number of cell types, e.g. kidney cells, which supply other organs with this amino acid, or the endothelial cells of the blood-brain barrier which release arginine into the brain. Arginine release in mammalian(More)
Several laboratories have investigated monocarboxylate transport in a variety of cell types. The characterization of the cloned transporter isoforms in a suitable expression system is nevertheless still lacking. H+/monocarboxylate co-transport was therefore investigated in monocarboxylate transporter 1 (MCT1)-expressing Xenopus laevis oocytes by using(More)
Transporters of the SLC6 (solute carrier 6) family play an important role in the removal of neurotransmitters in brain tissue and in amino acid transport in epithelial cells. In the present study, we demonstrate that mouse v7-3 (slc6a15) encodes a transporter for neutral amino acids. The transporter is functionally and sequence related to B(0)AT1 (slc6a19)(More)
Glutamine release from astrocytes is an essential part of the glutamate-glutamine cycle in the brain. Uptake of glutamine into cultured rat astrocytes occurs by at least four different routes. In agreement with earlier studies, a significant contribution of amino acid transport systems ASC, A, L, and N was detected. It has not been determined whether these(More)
The glutamine transporter SN1 has recently been identified as one of the major glutamine transporters in hepatocytes and brain astrocytes. It appears to be the molecular correlate of system N amino acid transport. Two different transport mechanisms have been proposed for this transporter. These are an electroneutral mechanism, in which glutamine uptake is(More)
The role of glutamine and alanine transport in the recycling of neurotransmitter glutamate was investigated in Guinea pig brain cortical tissue slices and prisms, and in cultured neuroblastoma and astrocyte cell lines. The ability of exogenous (2 mm) glutamine to displace 13C label supplied as [3-13C]pyruvate, [2-13C]acetate, l-[3-13C]lactate, or(More)
The neutral amino acid transporter ASCT2 mediates electroneutral obligatory antiport but at the same time requires Na(+) for its function. To elucidate the mechanism, ASCT2 was expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes and transport was analysed by flux studies and two-electrode voltage clamp recordings. Flux studies with (22)NaCl indicated that the uptake of one(More)
L-Carnitine is essential for the translocation of acyl-carnitine into the mitochondria for beta-oxidation of long-chain fatty acids. It is taken up into the cells by the recently cloned Na(+)-driven carnitine organic cation transporter OCTN2. Here we expressed hOCTN2 in Xenopus laevis oocytes and investigated with two-electrode voltage- clamp and flux(More)