Angelica Fasching

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AIM Diabetic patients are at increased risk for kidney disease. There is presently no clinical treatment available that effectively protects kidney function in diabetics. This study investigates whether chronic stimulation of the adenosine A2a receptor (A2a AR) protects kidney function in insulinopenic diabetic rats. METHODS Streptozotocin-induced(More)
BACKGROUND Sustained hyperglycaemia induces increased renal oxygen consumption resulting in reduced oxygen availability in the diabetic kidney. We investigated the roles of the nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH)-oxidase and the neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) for the increased oxygen consumption in streptozotocin-diabetic rats. (More)
By applying invasive techniques for direct measurements of oxygen tension, we have reported decreased kidney oxygenation in experimental diabetes in rats. However, the non-invasive MRI technique utilizing the BOLD effect provides several advantages with the possibility to perform repetitive measurements in the same animals and in human subjects. In this(More)
We have previously reported increased O(2) consumption unrelated to active transport by tubular cells and up-regulated mitochondrial uncoupling protein (UCP)-2 expressions in diabetic kidneys. It is presently unknown if the increased UCP-2 levels in the diabetic kidney results in mitochondrial uncoupling and increased O(2) consumption, which we therefore(More)
23 Early stage diabetic nephropathy is characterized by glomerular hyperfiltration and reduced renal 24 tissue oxygen tension (PO2). Recent, observations indicate that increased tubular sodium glucose 25 linked transport (SGLT) plays a role in the development of diabetes-induced hyperfiltration. The 26 aim of the current study was to determine how(More)
C-peptide reduces diabetes-induced glomerular hyperfiltration in diabetic patients and experimental animal models. However, the mechanisms mediating the beneficial effect of C-peptide remain unclear. We investigated whether altered renal afferent-efferent arteriole tonus or alterations in tubular Na+ transport (T(Na)) in response to C-peptide administration(More)
Hyperglycemia results in increased oxygen consumption and decreased oxygen tension in the kidney. We tested the hypothesis that activation of hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs) protects against diabetes-induced alterations in oxygen metabolism and kidney function. Experimental groups consisted of control and streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats treated with(More)
Early stage diabetic nephropathy is characterized by glomerular hyperfiltration and reduced renal tissue Po2. Recent observations have indicated that increased tubular Na(+)-glucose linked transport (SGLT) plays a role in the development of diabetes-induced hyperfiltration. The aim of the present study was to determine how inhibition of SLGT impacts upon(More)
The renal medulla has been implicated as a key target for contrast media-induced nephropathy (CIN). Although the effects of contrast media (CM) on whole kidney blood flow are well characterized, the effect of CM on renal medullary blood flow has been controversial. It has been reported that an extremely high dose of a high osmolar CM (iothalamate; 2900 mg(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is a potent regulator of both vascular tone and cellular oxygen consumption (Q(O(2)). Diabetic kidneys have reduced NO availability and increased Q(O(2)). However, the exact nitric oxide synthase (NOS) isoform regulating Q(O(2)), hemodynamics, and excretory function in the diabetic kidney remains unclear. We therefore investigated the(More)