Angelia A. Doye

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Abnormal intracellular Ca(2+) cycling plays an important role in cardiac dysfunction and ventricular arrhythmias in the setting of heart failure and transient cardiac ischemia followed by reperfusion (I/R). We hypothesized that overexpression of the sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) ATPase pump (SERCA2a) may improve both contractile dysfunction and ventricular(More)
Two of the most significant characteristics of failing human myocardium are an increased diastolic [Ca2+]i and a prolonged diastolic relaxation. These abnormalities are more pronounced at higher frequencies of stimulation and may be caused by an altered Ca2+ resequestration into the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR). The force-frequency relationship was(More)
Failing human myocardium has been associated with decreased sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca(2+)-ATPase activity. There remains controversy as to whether the regulation of SR Ca(2+)-ATPase activity is altered in heart failure or whether decreased SR Ca(2+)-ATPase activity is due to changes in SR Ca(2+)-ATPase or phospholamban expression. We therefore(More)
BACKGROUND We investigated whether decreased myofilament calcium contractile activation may, in part, contribute to heart failure. METHODS AND RESULTS Calcium concentration required for 50% activation and Hill coefficient for fibers from nonfailing and failing human hearts at pH 7.1 were not different. Maximum calcium-activated force (F(max)) was also not(More)
Global contractile heart failure was induced in turkey poults by furazolidone feeding (700 ppm). Abnormal calcium regulation appears to be a key factor in the pathophysiology of heart failure, but the cellular mechanisms contributing to changes in calcium fluxes have not been clearly defined. Isolated ventricular myocytes from non-failing and failing hearts(More)
We have shown that chronic treatment with carteolol, a non-selective β-adrenergic receptor antagonist, improved left ventricular (LV) function and survival in an avian model of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). The aim of the present study was to compare ex vivo heart function with and without β-agonist and antagonist challenge. We investigated whether(More)
β-blocker treatmenthas emerged as an effective treatment modality for heart failure.Interestingly, β-blockers can activate both pro-apoptotic and anti-apoptoticpathways. Nevertheless, the mechanism for improved cardiac functionseen with β-blocker treatment remains largely unknown. Carvedilolis a non-selective β-blocker with α-receptor blockade and(More)
METHODS Multicellular preparations from nonfailing and failing human hearts or animals with cardiac hypertrophy were used to study intracellular calcium mobilization. Left ventricular muscle strips were loaded with the intracellular calcium indicator aequorin. Muscle strips were attached to a force transducer and stretched until there was no further(More)
BACKGROUND Excessive alcohol consumption is recognized as a common cause of left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. It is currently thought that 36% of all cases of dilated cardiomyopathy are due to excessive alcohol intake. Suitable animal models are needed to study the pathogenic mechanisms of ethanol-induced LV dysfunction. We have therefore created a new(More)
The effects of the administration of methemoglobin (MetHb) prepared in vitro were evaluated in Sprague–Dawley rats given increasing doses of potassium cyanide (KCN). Median lethal dose (LD50) studies were conducted by giving intraperitoneal injections of KCN (in 0.3- to 0.5-ml volumes), then 2 min later administering intravenous (iv) doses of 1000, 1500, or(More)