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Mayenite inorganic electrides are antizeolite nanoporous materials with variable electron concentration [Ca12Al14O32]2+ square5-deltaO1-delta2-e2delta- (0 < delta < or = 1), where square stands for empty sites. The oxymayenite crystal structure contains positively charged cages where loosely bounded oxide anions are located. These oxygens can be removed to(More)
Fabrication of portland cements commonly depends on X-ray fluorescence (XRF), which measures the elemental compositions. XRF is used to adjust the raw material proportions and to control the process conditions. However, to predict the mechanical strength of the resulting concrete, it is essential to know the phase composition which is, so far, indirectly(More)
Belite sulfoaluminate (BSA) cements have been proposed as environmentally friendly building materials, as their production may release up to 35% less CO(2) into the atmosphere when compared with ordinary Portland cement fabrication. However, their formation mechanism has not been studied in detail so far. Here, an in situ high-temperature high-resolution(More)
This study reports 78 Rietveld quantitative phase analyses using Cu K 1 , Mo K 1 and synchrotron radiations. Synchrotron powder diffraction has been used to validate the most challenging analyses. From the results for three series with increasing contents of an analyte (an inorganic crystalline phase, an organic crystalline phase and a glass), it is(More)
Stoichiometric dicalcium silicate, Ca2SiO4, displays a well-known polymorphism with temperature. When this phase is doped by a range of elements, belite, one of the main phases of cements, is generated. Here, we thoroughly study the aluminum doping of dicalcium silicate. This type of study is important for cement characterization and also from a basic point(More)
Ordinary Portland cement (OPC) is an environmentally contentious material, as for every ton of OPC produced, on average, 0.97 tons of CO2 are released. Conversely, belite sulfoaluminate (BSA) cements are promising eco-friendly building materials, as their production may deplete CO2 emissions up to 35% (compared to OPC). However, the hydration rate of belite(More)
Tricalcium oxy-silicates, Ca3(SiO4)O and Ca2.93Mg0.07(Si0.98Al0.02O4)O0.99 [square]0.01, have been prepared as crystalline single phases. Ca3(SiO4)O and Ca2.93Mg0.07(Si0.98Al0.02O4)O0.99 [square]0.01 have triclinic and monoclinic structures, respectively. The samples show oxide anion conductivity with a small p-type electronic contribution under oxidizing(More)
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