Angela Witte

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Expression of cloned gene E of bacteriophage PhiX174 induces lysis by formation of a transmembrane tunnel structure in the cell envelope of Escherichia coli. Ultrastructural studies of the location of the lysis tunnel indicate that it is preferentially located at the septum or at polar regions of the cell. Furthermore, the diameter and shape of individual(More)
The first complete nucleotide sequences of two lytic Staphylococcus aureus double stranded DNA phages, 44AHJD (16784 bp) and P68 (18227 bp), are reported. Both are small isometric phages, with short, non-contractile tails and a pre-neck appendage. Based on their morphology, their genome size, the similarity of the encoded gene products, the type of(More)
Controlled expression of cloned PhiX174 gene E in Gram-negative bacteria results in lysis of the bacteria by formation of an E-specific transmembrane tunnel structure built through the cell envelope complex. Bacterial ghosts have been produced from a great variety of bacteria and are used as non-living candidate vaccines. In the recombinant ghost system,(More)
The double-stranded (ds)DNA virus phiCh1 infects the haloalkaliphilic archaeon Natrialba magadii. The complete DNA sequence of 58 498 bp of the temperate virus was established, and the probable functions of 21 of 98 phiCh1-encoded open reading frames (ORFs) have been assigned. This knowledge has been used to propose functional modules each required for(More)
A polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay targeting the flagellin P (fliP)-I S407A genomic region of Burkholderia mallei was developed for the specific detection of this organism in pure cultures and clinical samples from a recent outbreak of equine glanders. Primers deduced from the known fliP-IS407A sequence of B. mallei American Type Culture Collection(More)
A novel archaeal bacteriophage, phi Ch1, was isolated from a haloalkalophilic archaeon Natronobacterium magadii upon spontaneous lysis. The phage-cured strain N. magadii(L13) was used to demonstrate infectivity of phage phi Ch1. The turbid-plaque morphology and the fact that N. magadii cells isolated from plaques were able to produce phage indicated that(More)
Biochemical and genetic studies have suggested that a transmembrane tunnel structure penetrating the inner and outer membranes is formed during the lytic action of bacteriophage phi X174 protein E. In this study we directly visualized the lysis tunnel by using high-magnification scanning and transmission electron microscopy.
Bacillus stearothermophilus PV72 expresses different S-layer genes (sbsA and sbsB) under different growth conditions. No stretches of significant sequence identity between sbsA and sbsB were detected. In order to investigate S-layer gene regulation in B. stearothermophilus PV72, we characterized the upstream regulatory region of sbsA and sbsB by sequencing(More)
Ochrobactrum anthropi, Ochrobactrum intermedium and Brucella spp. are phenotypically and genetically closely related pathogens that may cause disease with similar clinical presentation. Consequently, difficulties in their identification and differentiation have been reported. In this study, a sensitive recA gene-based multi-primer single-target PCR(More)
PhiX174 lysis protein E-mediated lysis of Escherichia coli is characterized by a protein E-specific fusion of the inner and outer membrane and formation of a transmembrane tunnel structure. In order to understand the fusion process, the topology of protein E within the envelope complex of E. coli was investigated. Proteinase K protection studies showed(More)