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Expression of cloned gene E of bacteriophage PhiX174 induces lysis by formation of a transmembrane tunnel structure in the cell envelope of Escherichia coli. Ultrastructural studies of the location of the lysis tunnel indicate that it is preferentially located at the septum or at polar regions of the cell. Furthermore, the diameter and shape of individual(More)
The double-stranded (ds)DNA virus phiCh1 infects the haloalkaliphilic archaeon Natrialba magadii. The complete DNA sequence of 58 498 bp of the temperate virus was established, and the probable functions of 21 of 98 phiCh1-encoded open reading frames (ORFs) have been assigned. This knowledge has been used to propose functional modules each required for(More)
Two slow-growing, Gram-negative, non-motile, non-spore-forming, coccoid bacteria (strains F60T and F965), isolated in Austria from mandibular lymph nodes of two red foxes (Vulpes vulpes), were subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic analysis. In a recent study, both isolates were assigned to the genus Brucella but could not be attributed to any of the existing(More)
Gene E-L, a chimeric lysis construct from bacteriophages phi X174 and MS2 lysis proteins E and L, respectively, was subjected to internal deletions to create a series of new E-L clones with altered lysis or killing properties. The lytic activities of the parental genes E. L. E-L and the internal truncated forms of E-L were investigated in this study to(More)
A polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay targeting the flagellin P (fliP)-I S407A genomic region of Burkholderia mallei was developed for the specific detection of this organism in pure cultures and clinical samples from a recent outbreak of equine glanders. Primers deduced from the known fliP-IS407A sequence of B. mallei American Type Culture Collection(More)
BACKGROUND Glanders, caused by the gram-negative bacterium Burkholderia mallei, is a highly infectious zoonotic disease of solipeds causing severe disease in animals and men. Although eradicated from many Western countries, it recently emerged in Asia, the Middle-East, Africa, and South America. Due to its rareness, little is known about outbreak dynamics(More)
Phage lytic enzymes (enzybiotics) have gained attention as prospective tools to eradicate Gram-positive pathogens resistant to antibiotics. Attempts to purify the P16 endolysin of Staphylococcus aureus phage P68 were unsuccessful owing to the poor solubility of the protein. To overcome this limitation, we constructed a chimeric endolysin (P16-17) comprised(More)
The first complete nucleotide sequences of two lytic Staphylococcus aureus double stranded DNA phages, 44AHJD (16784 bp) and P68 (18227 bp), are reported. Both are small isometric phages, with short, non-contractile tails and a pre-neck appendage. Based on their morphology, their genome size, the similarity of the encoded gene products, the type of(More)
Biochemical and genetic studies have suggested that a transmembrane tunnel structure penetrating the inner and outer membranes is formed during the lytic action of bacteriophage phi X174 protein E. In this study we directly visualized the lysis tunnel by using high-magnification scanning and transmission electron microscopy.
Cell lysis of Gram-negative bacteria can be efficiently achieved by expression of the cloned lysis gene E of bacteriophage PhiX174. Gene E expression is tightly controlled by the rightward lambda pR promoter and the temperature-sensitive repressor cI857 on lysis plasmid pAW12. The resulting empty bacterial cell envelopes, called bacterial ghosts, are(More)