Angela Taylor

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CONTEXT Adrenal tumors have a prevalence of around 2% in the general population. Adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) is rare but accounts for 2-11% of incidentally discovered adrenal masses. Differentiating ACC from adrenocortical adenoma (ACA) represents a diagnostic challenge in patients with adrenal incidentalomas, with tumor size, imaging, and even histology(More)
We present a machine learning system for the differential diagnosis of benign adrenocortical adenoma (ACA) vs. malignant adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC). The data employed for the classification are urinary excretion values of 32 steroid metabolites. We apply prototypebased classification techniques to discriminate the classes, in particular, we use(More)
Prostate cancer progression can be associated with androgen receptor (AR) mutations acquired following treatment with castration and/or an antiandrogen. Abiraterone, a rationally designed inhibitor of CYP17A1 recently approved for the treatment of docetaxel-treated castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC), is often effective, but requires(More)
Greg L. Shaw*, Hayley Whitaker a,j [1_TD$DIFF], Marie Corcoran , Mark J. Dunning , Hayley Luxton a,j [2_TD$DIFF], Jonathan Kay [3_TD$DIFF], Charlie E. Massie , Jodi L. Miller , Alastair D. Lamb , Helen Ross-Adams , Roslin Russell , Adam W. Nelson , Matthew D. Eldridge , Andrew G. Lynch , Antonio Ramos-Montoya , Ian G. Mills , Angela E. Taylor , Wiebke Arlt(More)
DHEA is the major precursor of human sex steroid synthesis and is inactivated via sulfonation to DHEAS. A previous genome-wide association study related the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs2637125, located near the coding region of DHEA sulfotransferase, SULT2A1, to serum DHEAS concentrations. However, the functional relevance of this SNP with regard(More)
CONTEXT Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a triad of anovulation, insulin resistance, and hyperandrogenism. Androgen excess may correlate with metabolic risk and PCOS consensus criteria define androgen excess on the basis of serum T. Here we studied the utility of the androgen precursor serum androstenedione (A) in conjunction with serum T for predicting(More)
CONTEXT Cytochrome P450 side-chain cleavage enzyme (CYP11A1) facilitates the first and rate-limiting step of steroidogenesis. Only nine patients with CYP11A1 deficiency have been described. All patients presented with adrenal insufficiency (AI) and disorder of sex development in 46,XY individuals. OBJECTIVE Our objective was to define the pathogenic(More)
CONTEXT PAPSS2 (PAPS synthase 2) provides the universal sulfate donor PAPS (3'-phospho-adenosine-5'-phosphosulfate) to all human sulfotransferases, including SULT2A1, responsible for sulfation of the crucial androgen precursor dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA). Impaired DHEA sulfation is thought to increase the conversion of DHEA toward active androgens, a(More)
CONTEXT Steroid sulfatase (STS) cleaves the sulfate moiety off steroid sulfates, including dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) sulfate (DHEAS), the inactive sulfate ester of the adrenal androgen precursor DHEA. Deficient DHEA sulfation, the opposite enzymatic reaction to that catalyzed by STS, results in androgen excess by increased conversion of DHEA to active(More)
CONTEXT Mitotane [1-(2-chlorophenyl)-1-(4-chlorophenyl)-2,2-dichloroethane] is the first-line treatment for metastatic adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) and is also regularly used in the adjuvant setting after presumed complete removal of the primary tumor. Mitotane is considered an adrenolytic substance, but there is limited information on distinct effects on(More)