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OBJECTIVES The goal of this study was to identify differences between gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender (GLBT) homeless youths and their heterosexual counterparts in terms of physical and mental health difficulties. METHODS A sample of 84 GLBT adolescents was matched in regard to age and self-reported gender with 84 heterosexual adolescents. The 2(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine street victimization and posttraumatic stress symptoms among urban homeless adolescents and to test whether emotional numbing and avoidance represent distinct posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom clusters. METHOD Structured, private interviews were conducted with homeless adolescents (N = 374) in the Seattle metropolitan area(More)
Ca supplements are used for bone health; however, they have been associated with increased cardiovascular risk, which may relate to their acute effects on serum Ca concentrations. Microcrystalline hydroxyapatite (MCH) could affect serum Ca concentrations less than conventional Ca supplements, but its effects on bone turnover are unclear. In the present(More)
Recent evidence suggests that Ca supplements increase the risk of cardiovascular events, but the mechanism(s) by which this occurs is uncertain. In a study primarily assessing the effects of various Ca supplements on blood Ca levels, we also investigated the effects of Ca supplements on blood pressure and their acute effects on blood coagulation. We(More)
BACKGROUND SLC2A9 is a strong genetic risk factor for hyperuricaemia and gout. SLC2A9 (GLUT9) is a high capacity urate transporter and reportedly transports glucose and fructose. Intake of fructose-containing beverages is associated with development of hyperuricaemia and gout. OBJECTIVE To determine whether genetic variation in SLC2A9 influences the acute(More)
The relationship between circumcision and sexually transmissible disease was studied in 1350 men who attended the Public Health Department Special Treatment Clinic in Perth, Western Australia. Evidence of circumcision was obtained by examination. More than 98% of the men studied gave a verbal report of their circumcision status which was consistent with the(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the relationship between antenatal and intrapartum factors and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). METHODOLOGY The New Zealand Cot Death Study was a 3 year case-control study, with 485 infants who died from SIDS in the postneonatal period and 1800 randomly selected control infants. Data were obtained from obstetric records, parental(More)
INTRODUCTION Both genetic variation in ATP-binding cassette sub-family G member 2 (ABCG2) and intake of fructose-containing beverages are major risk factors for hyperuricemia and gout. This study aimed to test the hypothesis that the ABCG2 gout risk allele 141 K promotes the hyperuricaemic response to fructose loading. METHODS Healthy volunteers (n = 74)(More)
Ca supplements, but not dietary Ca, have been associated with increased cardiovascular risk. This difference could be related to differences in their acute effects on serum Ca. We therefore examined the effects of Ca from different sources on serum Ca and phosphate in a randomised, cross-over trial of ten women (mean age of 69 years). Fasting participants(More)