Angela Seeringer

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INTRODUCTION Hyperactivity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis is a pathogenic mechanism of depression, and genetic polymorphisms in HPA axis genes have been described to influence response to antidepressant drugs. In particular, two polymorphisms in FKBP5, a co-chaperone of the glucocorticoid receptor, were strongly associated with response to(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated variable influences of sexual hormonal states on female brain activation and the necessity to control for these in neuroimaging studies. However, systematic investigations of these influences, particularly those of hormonal contraceptives as compared to the physiological menstrual cycle are scarce. In the present study, we(More)
This study aimed to quantify the inhibition of cytochrome P450 (CYP3A), CYP2D6, and P-glycoprotein in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients receiving an antiretroviral therapy (ART) containing ritonavir boosted lopinavir, and to identify factors influencing ritonavir and lopinavir pharmacokinetics. We measured activities of CYP3A, CYP2D6, and(More)
BACKGROUND The serotonin transporter length repeat polymorphism (5-HTTLPR) in the promoter region of the serotonin transporter gene (SLC6A4) has been associated in healthy subjects with changes in basal perfusion levels in the limbic system and ventral prefrontal areas, regions involved in the pathophysiology of depression and anxiety, suggesting the(More)
OBJECTIVE The cytochrome P450 2D6 (CYP2D6) polymorphism was reported to have a significant impact on outcome of tamoxifen treatment in estrogen receptor positive breast cancer patients. The objective of this study was to explore the effect of the CYP2D6*4 polymorphism on tamoxifen treatment outcome in a cohort of patients from a single clinical trial which(More)
Sexual dysfunction is a common side effect of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) like paroxetine in the treatment of depression, imposing a considerable risk on medication adherence and hence therapeutic success. Bupropion, a norepinephrine and dopamine reuptake inhibitor, is recommended as an alternative treatment without adverse effects(More)
BACKGROUND In inflammation and infection, cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzyme activities are down-regulated. Information on possible discrepancies in activities of CYP enzymes and drug transporters between HIV-infected patients and healthy people is limited. METHODS We used midazolam, dextromethorphan and digoxin as in vivo phenotyping probes for CYP3A(More)
Sex differences observed in the adverse effects associated with psychotropic drugs have not been reported consistently in the literature. In this review, we discuss the current published data on sex differences observed in the occurrence, symptomatology and reporting of the adverse effects associated with psychotropic drug effects, and discuss their(More)
The established risk factors for severe sulfonylurea-induced hypoglycemia (SH) include low hemoglobin (Hb)A1c, advanced age, long duration of diabetes, multimorbidity, and polypharmacy. As the genetically polymorphic cytochrome P450 (CYP), enzyme CYP2C9 is mainly responsible for the hepatic metabolism of sulfonylureas (SUs), we hypothesized that the(More)
Due to the physiological coupling with metabolism, brain perfusion is a potential aid in understanding the effects of medication on neural activity in vivo. In this study, arterial spin labeling (ASL) was used to quantify the effect of seven days of administration of paroxetine (20 mg), bupropion (150 mg) on cerebral blood flow levels at rest in a(More)