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BACKGROUND Renal dysfunction as a risk factor with the use of left ventricular assist devices (LVAD) is controversial. We determined the effect of renal function on outcomes after continuous flow LVAD implantation. METHODS Eighty-six patients with advanced heart failure undergoing continuous flow LVAD implantation as bridge to transplantation from(More)
BACKGROUND Central venous infusion of cold fluid may be a useful method of inducing therapeutic hypothermia. The aim of this study was to quantify systemic heat balance and regional distribution of body heat during and after central infusion of cold fluid. METHODS The authors studied nine volunteers, each on two separate days. Anesthesia was maintained(More)
OBJECTIVE Avoiding full sternotomy and cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) could significantly reduce the invasiveness of left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation. Therefore, we developed minimally invasive implant strategies for the Heartware® VAD (HVAD) and the Thoratec® HeartMate II (HMII) covering isolated LVAD implantation as well as concomitant(More)
A minimally invasive approach for implantation of the Heart Mate II left ventricular assist device (LVAD) in the setting of severe thoracic aortic calcification is described. Cannulation of the left ventricular apex is performed through a left subcostal incision with preperitoneal creation of the pump pocket. To avoid outflow graft anastomosis to a severely(More)
UNLABELLED Heart transplantation in patients with increased pulmonary vascular resistance is often associated with postbypass right heart failure. We therefore compared the abilities of prostaglandin E(1) (PGE(1)) and inhaled nitric oxide to reduce pulmonary vascular resistance during heart transplantation. Patients undergoing orthotopic heart(More)
BACKGROUND Acute right ventricular failure after heart transplantation is a life-threatening condition, and sometimes the use of mechanical circulatory support is inevitable. The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate the effectiveness of two different mechanical circulatory support systems for this indication. METHODS From 1984 to 2003, 28(More)
BACKGROUND Afterdrop following cardiopulmonary bypass results from redistribution of body heat to inadequately warmed peripheral tissues. However, the distribution of heat between the thermal compartments and the extent to which core-to-peripheral redistribution contributes to post-bypass hypothermia remains unknown. METHODS Patients were cooled during(More)
OBJECTIVES Interagency Registry for Mechanical Assisted Circulatory Support (INTERMACS) Level I patients have the highest early mortality after ventricular assist device (VAD) implantation. This is determined by the exposure of patients in shock with acutely damaged end-organs and high catecholamine support to a significant surgical trauma. We report our(More)
UNLABELLED Electromyographic (EMG) activity can contaminate electroencephalographic signals. Paralysis may therefore reduce the Bispectral Index (BIS) by alleviating artifact from muscles lying near the electrodes. Paralysis may also reduce signals from muscle stretch receptors that normally contribute to arousal. We therefore tested the hypothesis that(More)
BACKGROUND This study was designed to determine the effect of continuous vs pulsatile flow devices on renal function after left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation. METHODS Ninety-two patients undergoing LVAD implantation as bridge-to-transplant therapy were retrospectively analyzed. Patients receiving continuous flow devices (n = 63, 68.5%)(More)