Angela Rajek

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OBJECTIVE Fixed pulmonary hypertension is a contraindication for cardiac transplantation because of the increased risk of donor heart failure. We sought to determine whether left ventricular assist devices improve fixed pulmonary hypertension in cardiac transplant candidates to enable safe cardiac transplantation. METHODS Thirty-five consecutive cardiac(More)
BACKGROUND Acute right ventricular failure after heart transplantation is a life-threatening condition, and sometimes the use of mechanical circulatory support is inevitable. The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate the effectiveness of two different mechanical circulatory support systems for this indication. METHODS From 1984 to 2003, 28(More)
BACKGROUND The clinical application of the DuraHeart (Terumo Heart Inc, USA) has begun in Europe as a clinical trial of a third-generation implantable centrifugal blood pump. Four successful clinical implants are presented. METHODS AND RESULTS Four male patients had end-stage left heart failure and received a DuraHeart VAD as a left ventricular assist(More)
OBJECTIVE Avoiding full sternotomy and cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) could significantly reduce the invasiveness of left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation. Therefore, we developed minimally invasive implant strategies for the Heartware® VAD (HVAD) and the Thoratec® HeartMate II (HMII) covering isolated LVAD implantation as well as concomitant(More)
BACKGROUND Renal dysfunction as a risk factor with the use of left ventricular assist devices (LVAD) is controversial. We determined the effect of renal function on outcomes after continuous flow LVAD implantation. METHODS Eighty-six patients with advanced heart failure undergoing continuous flow LVAD implantation as bridge to transplantation from(More)
UNLABELLED Heart transplantation in patients with increased pulmonary vascular resistance is often associated with postbypass right heart failure. We therefore compared the abilities of prostaglandin E(1) (PGE(1)) and inhaled nitric oxide to reduce pulmonary vascular resistance during heart transplantation. Patients undergoing orthotopic heart(More)
BACKGROUND Central venous infusion of cold fluid may be a useful method of inducing therapeutic hypothermia. The aim of this study was to quantify systemic heat balance and regional distribution of body heat during and after central infusion of cold fluid. METHODS The authors studied nine volunteers, each on two separate days. Anesthesia was maintained(More)
UNLABELLED Electromyographic (EMG) activity can contaminate electroencephalographic signals. Paralysis may therefore reduce the Bispectral Index (BIS) by alleviating artifact from muscles lying near the electrodes. Paralysis may also reduce signals from muscle stretch receptors that normally contribute to arousal. We therefore tested the hypothesis that(More)
BACKGROUND Afterdrop following cardiopulmonary bypass results from redistribution of body heat to inadequately warmed peripheral tissues. However, the distribution of heat between the thermal compartments and the extent to which core-to-peripheral redistribution contributes to post-bypass hypothermia remains unknown. METHODS Patients were cooled during(More)
OBJECTIVE The effect of age on outcomes after continuous-flow left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation as a bridge to transplantation (BTT) was determined. METHODS From November 1998 to July 2007, 86 patients with advanced heart failure underwent continuous-flow LVAD implantation as BTT and were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were(More)