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The NADPH oxidase 2 (NOX2) complex is a professional producer of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and is mainly expressed in phagocytes. While the activity of the NOX2 complex is essential for immunity against pathogens and protection against autoimmunity, its role in the development of malignant tumors remains unclear. We compared wild type and Ncf1 (m1J)(More)
Autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are chronic diseases that cannot be prevented or cured If the pathologic basis of such disease would be known, it might be easier to develop new drugs interfering with critical pathway. Genetic analysis of animal models for autoimmune diseases can result in discovery of proteins and pathways that play(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are a heterogeneous group of highly reactive molecules that oxidize targets in a biologic system. During steady-state conditions, ROS are constantly produced in the electron-transport chain during cellular respiration and by various constitutively active oxidases. ROS production can also be induced by activation of the(More)
Reduced capacity to produce ROS increases the severity of T cell-dependent arthritis in both mice and rats with polymorphisms in neutrophil cytosolic factor 1 (Ncf1) (p47phox). Since T cells cannot exert oxidative burst, we hypothesized that T cell responsiveness is downregulated by ROS produced by APCs. Macrophages have the highest burst capacity among(More)
Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is an inherited disorder characterized by recurrent life-threatening bacterial and fungal infections. CGD results from defective production of reactive oxygen species by phagocytes caused by mutations in genes encoding the NADPH oxidase 2 (NOX2) complex subunits. Mice with a spontaneous mutation in Ncf1, which encodes the(More)
Psoriasis (Ps) and psoriasis arthritis (PsA) are poorly understood common diseases, induced by unknown environmental factors, affecting skin and articular joints. A single i.p. exposure to mannan from Saccharomyces cerevisiae induced an acute inflammation in inbred mouse strains resembling human Ps and PsA-like disease, whereas multiple injections induced a(More)
Respiratory dendritic cells (DC) play a pivotal role in the initiation of adaptive immune responses to influenza virus. To do this, respiratory DCs must ferry viral antigen from the lung to the draining lymph node without becoming infected and perishing en route. We show that respiratory DCs up-regulate the expression of the antiviral molecule,(More)
It is widely believed that DC, but not macrophages, prime naïve T cells in vivo. Here, we investigated the ability of CD68-expressing cells (commonly defined as macrophages) in priming autoreactive T cells and initiating collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) in the mouse. For this purpose, a transgenic mouse was developed (MBQ mouse) where macrophages(More)
SIGNIFICANCE An unexpected finding, revealed by positional cloning of genetic polymorphisms controlling models for rheumatoid arthritis, exposed a new function of Ncf1 and NADPH oxidase (NOX) 2 controlled oxidative burst. RECENT ADVANCES A decreased capacity to produce ROS due to a natural polymorphism was found to be the major factor leading to more(More)
Immunization with human glucose-6-phosphate isomerase (hG6PI) protein or with several of its peptides induces arthritis in DBA/1 mice. We investigated G6PI peptide-induced arthritis in C57BL/10 mice and the effect of oxidative burst on disease. To study the arthritogenicity of G6PI peptides and its immune dependency, we used genetically modified and(More)