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BACKGROUND Neonatal deaths in developing countries make the largest contribution to global mortality in children younger than 5 years. 90% of deliveries in the poorest quintile of households happen at home. We postulated that a community-based participatory intervention could significantly reduce neonatal mortality rates. METHODS We pair-matched 42(More)
BACKGROUND Convulsive status epilepticus is the most common childhood medical neurological emergency, and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Most data for this disorder are from mainly adult populations and might not be relevant to childhood. Thus we undertook the North London Status Epilepticus in Childhood Surveillance Study(More)
BACKGROUND There is extensive evidence of important health risks for infants and mothers related to not breastfeeding. In 2003, the World Health Organization recommended that infants be breastfed exclusively until six months of age, with breastfeeding continuing as an important part of the infant's diet until at least two years of age. However, current(More)
Neuroimaging and management advances require review of indications for excluding cerebral venous sinus (sinovenous) thrombosis (CSVT) in children. Our goals were to examine (i) clinical presentations of CSVT, (ii) prothrombotic risk factors and other predisposing events, (iii) clinical and radiological features of brain lesions in CSVT compared with(More)
RATIONALE The Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III) reference is currently recommended for interpreting spirometry results, but it is limited by the lack of subjects younger than 8 years and does not continuously model spirometry across all ages. OBJECTIVES By collating pediatric data from other large-population surveys, we(More)
We present data on the known risk factors encountered in children presenting with a first arterial ischemic stroke to a single tertiary center over 22 years. Two hundred twelve patients (54% male; median age, 5 years) were identified. One hundred fifteen (54%) were previously healthy. Cerebral arterial imaging was undertaken in 185 patients (87%) and was(More)
BACKGROUND Data on rates and risk factors for clinical and radiological recurrence of childhood arterial ischemic stroke (AIS) might inform secondary prevention strategies. METHODS AND RESULTS Consecutive Great Ormond Street Hospital patients with first AIS were identified retrospectively (1978-1990) and prospectively (1990-2000). Patients underwent(More)
An LMS-based maximum likelihood method of fitting age-related reference ranges is extended to incorporate non-independent measurements by including the matrix of the correlations between standard normalized repeat measurements into the likelihood. The likelihood is maximized via iterative re-estimation of the correlation structure and the reference range(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the clinical outcome and endocrine response in children who were randomized to open or laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication using minimization. BACKGROUND It is assumed that laparoscopic surgery is associated with less pain, quicker recovery and dampened endocrine response. Few randomized studies have been performed in children. (More)
Age-related reference ranges are useful for assessing growth in children. The LMS method is a popular technique for constructing growth charts that model the age-changing distribution of the measurement in terms of the median, coefficient of variation and skewness. Here the methodology is extended to references that depend on body size as well as age, by(More)