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Replacement of the native fermentation pathway in Escherichia coli B with a homo-ethanol pathway from Zymomonas mobilis (pdc and adhB genes) resulted in a 30 to 50% increase in growth rate and glycolytic flux during the anaerobic fermentation of xylose. Gene array analysis was used as a tool to investigate differences in expression levels for the 30 genes(More)
BACKGROUND Gene therapy continues to hold great potential for treating many different types of disease and dysfunction. Safe and efficient techniques for gene transfer and expression in vivo are needed to enable gene therapeutic strategies to be effective in patients. Currently, the most commonly used methods employ replication-defective viral vectors for(More)
OBJECTIVE The mechanism through which estrogen exerts its neuroprotective and anti-neurodegenerative effects in the central nervous system is poorly understood. Human glial cells are implicated in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease and have both alpha and beta estrogen receptors (ER). We developed a glial cell model for ER function using the N20.1(More)
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