Angela M O Leal

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The precise regulation of the anterior pituitary is achieved by the cell-specific and combined actions of central, peripheral and local factors. Activins, inhibins, and follistatins were first discovered as gonadal factors with actions on FSH production from pituitary gonadotropes. With the realization that these factors are expressed in a wide array of(More)
Under normal physiologic conditions, liver size is under strict regulatory control. Activin, a member of the transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) superfamily, is expressed in the intact adult liver and is an inhibitor of hepatocyte growth. However, the exact role played by endogenous activin in maintaining the size of a normal adult liver has yet to(More)
This study was designed to evaluate the effects of glucocorticoids and gonadal steroids on the expression of inhibin/activin subunits and follistatin of the anterior pituitary and test the hypothesis that resulting changes in the local activin/inhibin/follistatin tone contribute to steroid effects on follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) production from(More)
Folliculostellate cells of the anterior pituitary are postulated to be an important source of factors, such as follistatin, that regulate pituitary function by intercellular communication. To gain further insight into the function of this cell type, folliculostellate cells were enriched from cultured rat anterior pituitary cells, and an immortalized cell(More)
Betaglycan was reported by our laboratory to serve as an inhibin binding protein and to facilitate the antagonism of activin signaling. Although an accessory receptor for TGFbeta and inhibin, its distribution within reproductive tissues remains largely unexplored. Histochemical analyses reveal betaglycan protein and mRNA distributed throughout the rat(More)
Activins are dimeric proteins that stimulate the synthesis and secretion of pituitary FSH by interacting with two classes of receptors, type I and type II, to initiate their intracellular signaling cascade. The extracellular domain of type II activin receptor (ActRII-ECD) contains all structural determinants sufficient for high affinity ligand binding. A(More)
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