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A retrospective analysis of the effects of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) was performed for two groups of 11 patients matched according to age (mean age, 52 years), sex, and diagnosis. Group 1 received ECT according to the age-dose protocol; group 2 was treated according to the titration method. A higher dose relative to the seizure threshold appeared to(More)
Myo-inositol (mI) as a precursor in the phosphatidylinositol second messenger system has been reported to be reduced in depression. By means of proton-magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) the mI levels in the frontal brain were investigated in vivo in the present study. Twenty-two patients (mean age: 42.8 +/- 10.7 years) with depressive episodes(More)
The present linkage study is a follow-up within the chromosome 3q29 region in schizophrenia and bipolar affective disorder families, based on our recently published genome scan, resulting in evidence for linkage of both disorders to this region (marker D3S1265: NPL [non parametric lod] score Z(all)=3.74, P=0.003). Using the same family sample (five(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES This study compared metabolic differences in the frontal brain of depressed patients versus age- and sex-matched controls using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy and absolute quantification of metabolites (NAA, Cr, Cho, mI) at 3 Tesla. METHODS Short-echo-time stimulated echo acquisition mode (TE/TM/TR=20/30/6000 milliseconds)(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the widely accepted view that schizophrenia and bipolar disorder represent independent illnesses and modes of inheritance, some data in the literature suggest that the diseases may share some genetic susceptibility. The objective of our analyses was to search for vulnerability loci for the two disorders. METHODS A genomewide map of 388(More)
OBJECTIVE White matter hyperintensities (WMHs) on T(2)-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain are associated with advanced age and late-life depression. Most investigations predominantly found these lesions in frontal lobe and basal ganglia supporting the hypothesis of a fronto-striatal dysfunction in depression. A prospective study was(More)
Ten patients with severe, therapy-resistant manic agitation received magnesium sulphate infusions with a continuous magnesium (Mg) flow of approximately 200 mg/h (4353+/-836 mg/day; daily monitored Mg plasma level: 2.44+/-0.34 mmol/l) for periods ranging from 7 to 23 days. Concomitant psychotropic treatment consisted of lithium (n = 10), haloperidol (n = 5)(More)
OBJECTIVE Bonding between mother and child is described as a complex two-way process ensuring the needs of the child for nurture and protection. As such, it is dependent on the contribution of mother and child [1-3] whereby characteristics of personality of the child may have consequences on maternal bonding behaviour. In the current study the perception of(More)
Alterations in dopamine neurotransmission and disturbed norepinephrine activity have been implicated in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia. We considered the dopamine-beta-hydroxylase (DBH) gene located on the long arm of chromosome 9 (9q34.3) as a candidate gene for schizophrenia. DBH catalyzes the synthesis of norepinephrine from dopamine in noradrenergic(More)
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) has antidepressive and antipsychotic effects. Since being introduced in Italy in 1938, its mode of action has still not been clarified. Treatment modalities have changed in many ways. ECT, in which a generalized epileptic seizure is provoked by electrical stimulation of the brain, is performed under short intravenous(More)