Angela M Fieno

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Fungi in the genus Malassezia are ubiquitous skin residents of humans and other warm-blooded animals. Malassezia are involved in disorders including dandruff and seborrheic dermatitis, which together affect >50% of humans. Despite the importance of Malassezia in common skin diseases, remarkably little is known at the molecular level. We describe the genome,(More)
Dandruff and seborrheic dermatitis (D/SD) are common hyperproliferative scalp disorders with a similar etiology. Both result, in part, from metabolic activity of Malassezia globosa and Malassezia restricta, commensal basidiomycete yeasts commonly found on human scalps. Current hypotheses about the mechanism of D/SD include Malassezia-induced fatty acid(More)
The hepatitis B virus posttranscriptional regulatory element (PRE) is an RNA cis-element that is required for high-level expression of viral surface gene transcripts and appears to function by activating mRNA export to the cytoplasm. We have previously shown that multiple fragments of the PRE bind to two cellular proteins of approximately 35 and 55 kDa in(More)
Zinc pyrithione (ZPT) is an antimicrobial material with widespread use in antidandruff shampoos and antifouling paints. Despite decades of commercial use, there is little understanding of its antimicrobial mechanism of action. We used a combination of genome-wide approaches (yeast deletion mutants and microarrays) and traditional methods (gene constructs(More)
Three of the four deoxynucleoside kinases required for growth of Lactobacillus acidophilus R-26 exist as heterodimeric pairs specific for deoxyadenosine (dAK) and deoxycytidine (dCK) or dAK and deoxyguanosine (dGK). However, only two tandem genes, dak/dgk, are found, and are expressed only as dAK/dGK in transformed Escherichia coli. Sequencing peptides(More)
Protein protease inhibitors could potentially be used to stabilize proteases in commercial products such as liquid laundry detergents. However, many protein protease inhibitors are susceptible to hydrolysis inflicted by the protease. We have engineered Streptomyces subtilisin inhibitor (SSI) to resist proteolysis by adding an interchain disulfide bond and(More)
We analyzed protein expression in the cytosolic fraction prepared from whole kidneys in male Swiss-Webster mice exposed 1 h/day for five days to aerosolized JP-8 jet fuel at a concentration of 1000 mg/m3, simulating military occupational exposure. Kidney cytosol samples were solubilized and separated via large-scale, high-resolution two-dimensional(More)
An improved method for expression of poly-beta-hydroxyalkanoate (PHA) synthase from Alcaligenes eutrophus has been developed using the baculovirus Autographa californica nuclear polyhedrosis virus (AcMNPV) in BTI-TN-5B1-4 Trichoplusia ni cells which results in high level production of active PHA synthase. Confirmation of expression of authentic PHA synthase(More)
Dandruff and seborrhoeic dermatitis are accompanied by bothersome itch. We have established a novel non-invasive methodology to sample histamine levels in the stratum corneum in order to facilitate an understanding of pruritogenesis in this condition. Histamine levels were assessed in two groups of subjects with dandruff before and after 3 weeks of(More)
We analyzed protein expression in the cytosolic fraction prepared from whole lung tissue in male Swiss-Webster mice exposed 1 h/day for seven days to aerosolized JP-8 jet fuel at concentrations of 1000 and 2500 mg/m3, simulating military occupational exposure. Lung cytosol samples were solubilized and separated via large scale, high resolution(More)