Angela M. Carter

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The Wellcome Trust Case Control Consortium (WTCCC) identified nine single SNPs putatively associated with rheumatoid arthritis at P = 1 x 10(-5) - 5 x 10(-7) in a genome-wide association screen. One, rs6920220, was unequivocally replicated (trend P = 1.1 x 10(-8)) in a validation study, as described here. This SNP maps to 6q23, between the genes(More)
A number of polymorphisms of the platelet glycoprotein (GP) Ib-V-IX and IIb/IIIa complexes have been described, and the PlA polymorphism of GP IIIa has been associated with coronary thrombosis. We determined the levels of beta-thromboglobulin (beta-TG) and platelet factor 4 (PF4) and the genotype distributions of PlA and a variable number tandem repeat(More)
Factor XIII when activated by thrombin, crosslinks fibrin, however its role in thrombotic disorders is unknown. A common point mutation (G-->T) in exon 2 of the A-subunit gene which codes for an amino acid change three amino acids from the thrombin activation site (Factor XIIIVal34Leu) is a candidate for a role in the pathogenesis of acute myocardial(More)
BACKGROUND Platelets and fibrinogen play an integral role in the development of thrombosis and are implicated in the process of atherosclerosis. The fibrinogen Bbeta 448 polymorphism and the Pl(A) polymorphism of platelet glycoprotein IIIa are reported to be independently associated with coronary artery disease. The aim of this study was to determine the(More)
Impaired fibrin clot lysis is a key abnormality in diabetes and complement C3 is one protein identified in blood clots. This work investigates the mechanistic pathways linking C3 and hypofibrinolysis in diabetes using ex vivo/in vitro studies. Fibrinolysis and C3 plasma levels were determined in type 1 diabetic patients and healthy controls, and the effects(More)
BACKGROUND Endogenous arginine homologues, including homoarginine, have been identified as novel biomarkers for cardiovascular disease and outcomes. Our studies of human cohorts and a confirmatory murine model associated the arginine homologue homoarginine and its metabolism with stroke pathology and outcome. METHODS AND RESULTS Increasing homoarginine(More)
The receptor for advanced glycation end-products (RAGE) is a single-transmembrane, multiligand receptor of the immunoglobulin superfamily. RAGE up-regulation is implicated in numerous pathological states including vascular disease, diabetes, cancer, and neurodegeneration. The understanding of the regulation of RAGE is important in both disease pathogenesis(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE A common G-to-T point mutation (Val 34 Leu) in exon 2 of the alpha-subunit of the factor XIII is strongly negatively associated with the development of myocardial infarction. This result suggests that factor XIII Val 34 Leu is interfering with the formation of cross-linked fibrin. The role of factor XIII Val 34 Leu in the pathogenesis(More)
BACKGROUND Polymorphisms in the fibrinogen and factor XIII genes are associated with atherothrombotic risk, but clinical studies have produced inconsistent results and laboratory studies have not explained these findings. We aimed to investigate interactions between polymorphisms in the factor XIII and fibrinogen genes, fibrinogen concentrations, and other(More)
OBJECTIVE Neprilysin (NEP), a zinc metalloendopeptidase, has a role in blood pressure control and lipid metabolism. The present study tested the hypothesis that NEP is associated with insulin resistance and features of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) in a study of 318 healthy human subjects and in murine obesity, and investigated NEP production by adipocytes(More)