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BACKGROUND Endogenous arginine homologues, including homoarginine, have been identified as novel biomarkers for cardiovascular disease and outcomes. Our studies of human cohorts and a confirmatory murine model associated the arginine homologue homoarginine and its metabolism with stroke pathology and outcome. METHODS AND RESULTS Increasing homoarginine(More)
A number of polymorphisms of the platelet glycoprotein (GP) Ib-V-IX and IIb/IIIa complexes have been described, and the PlA polymorphism of GP IIIa has been associated with coronary thrombosis. We determined the levels of beta-thromboglobulin (beta-TG) and platelet factor 4 (PF4) and the genotype distributions of PlA and a variable number tandem repeat(More)
The renin-angiotensin system is a key regulator of blood pressure (BP), with inhibitors of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) used clinically to treat hypertension and other cardiovascular conditions. ACE2 is a newly identified member of this system, which converts angiotensin II to angiotensin, and of which the occurrence in plasma has not been(More)
OBJECTIVE Neprilysin (NEP), a zinc metalloendopeptidase, has a role in blood pressure control and lipid metabolism. The present study tested the hypothesis that NEP is associated with insulin resistance and features of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) in a study of 318 healthy human subjects and in murine obesity, and investigated NEP production by adipocytes(More)
Factor XIII when activated by thrombin, crosslinks fibrin, however its role in thrombotic disorders is unknown. A common point mutation (G-->T) in exon 2 of the A-subunit gene which codes for an amino acid change three amino acids from the thrombin activation site (Factor XIIIVal34Leu) is a candidate for a role in the pathogenesis of acute myocardial(More)
BACKGROUND Platelets and fibrinogen play an integral role in the development of thrombosis and are implicated in the process of atherosclerosis. The fibrinogen Bbeta 448 polymorphism and the Pl(A) polymorphism of platelet glycoprotein IIIa are reported to be independently associated with coronary artery disease. The aim of this study was to determine the(More)
The Wellcome Trust Case Control Consortium (WTCCC) identified nine single SNPs putatively associated with rheumatoid arthritis at P = 1 x 10(-5) - 5 x 10(-7) in a genome-wide association screen. One, rs6920220, was unequivocally replicated (trend P = 1.1 x 10(-8)) in a validation study, as described here. This SNP maps to 6q23, between the genes(More)
Impaired fibrin clot lysis is a key abnormality in diabetes and complement C3 is one protein identified in blood clots. This work investigates the mechanistic pathways linking C3 and hypofibrinolysis in diabetes using ex vivo/in vitro studies. Fibrinolysis and C3 plasma levels were determined in type 1 diabetic patients and healthy controls, and the effects(More)
The exact role of the fibrinolytic system in the pathogenesis of stroke remains to be established. Elevated circulating levels of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1, the principle inactivator of the fibrinolytic system, have been related to the development of myocardial infarction. There is evidence that a polymorphism in the promoter region of the PAI-1(More)
OBJECTIVE Accumulating evidence raises the hypothesis that dysregulation of intrinsic clock mechanisms are involved in the development of the metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between three known common polymorphisms in the Clock gene and features of the(More)