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BACKGROUND Elective endotracheal intubations are still commonly performed without premedication in many institutions. The hypothesis tested in this study was that morphine given prior to elective intubations in neonates would decrease fluctuations in vital signs, shorten the duration of intubation and reduce the number of attempts. METHODS From December(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the physiological variance in a closed (CS) vs an open suction (OS) protocol in intubated infants. STUDY DESIGN Infants were stratified into three weight groups in a randomized crossover trial. Heart rate, respiratory rate, blood pressure, oxygen saturation, transcutaneous oxygen and carbon dioxide, and end-tidal carbon dioxide were(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE To determine whether percutaneously inserted central venous catheters (PICC) and peripheral intravenous catheters (PIV) in infants with very low birth weight (VLBW) differ with respect to (1) incidence of sepsis, (2) number of insertion attempts and catheters required for total intravenous therapy, (3) courses of antibiotics, and (4)(More)
BACKGROUND Mechanical and infectious complications shorten the effective duration of peripherally inserted central venous catheters. Heparin use to prevent such complications and prolong the usability of peripherally inserted central venous catheters is inconclusive. OBJECTIVE Our goal was to evaluate the effectiveness of heparin in prolonging the(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare two methods of maintaining peripheral intravenous devices in neonates: continuous infusion (CI) and intermittent flushing (IF). There was no significant difference in the mean duration of patency between the two groups, but there was a significant difference with respect to reasons for removal or loss of patency. The(More)
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