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Mice that overexpress the human mutant amyloid precursor protein (hAPP) show learning deficits, but the apparent lack of a relationship between these deficits and the progressive beta-amyloid plaque formation that the hAPP mice display is puzzling. In the water maze, hAPP mice are impaired before and after amyloid plaque deposition. Here we show, using a(More)
Estrogen and progesterone interact with monoamines in ways that suggest the potential modulation of responses to psychoactive drugs by endogenous steroids, both between menstrual phases and between the sexes. The present study assessed the subjective and physiological effects of a single dose of D-amphetamine (AMPH; 15 mg oral) in healthy, normally cycling(More)
RATIONALE Little is known about the interactions between ovarian hormones across the menstrual cycle and responses to psychoactive drugs in humans. Preclinical studies suggest that ovarian hormones such as estrogen and progesterone have direct and indirect central nervous system actions, and that these hormones can influence behavioral responses to(More)
Little is known about the interactions between ovarian hormones and responses to psychoactive drugs in humans. Preclinical studies suggest that ovarian hormones such as estrogen and progesterone have direct and indirect central nervous system actions and that these hormones can influence behavioral responses to psychoactive drugs. In the present study, we(More)
Local cerebral glucose utilization (LCGU), estimated by the quantitative autoradiographic 2-deoxyglucose technique, was studied in rats with bilateral 6-hydroxydopamine lesions of the locus coeruleus (LC) and in vehicle-injected controls. Unanesthetized animals were studied during exposure to stressful levels of white noise (95 dB) or in relative silence(More)
Recent preclinical evidence indicates that ovarian hormones, such as estrogen and progesterone, may influence the behavioral effects of psychoactive drugs by interacting directly with neurotransmitter systems in the central nervous system. However, few studies have examined the effects of ovarian hormones on subjective or behavioral responses to(More)
Chronic treatment with estrogen is believed to improve mood in postmenopausal women, and recent preclinical evidence suggests that estradiol may also affect mood and behavior through acute neuronal membrane-mediated effects on the central nervous system. This study was designed to characterize potential mood effects of single doses of transdermal estradiol(More)
Recent work in this lab which explores the differential behavioral and neurochemical changes following left versus right cerebral damage is reviewed and neural mechanisms which may account for this asymmetry are proposed. Damage to the right frontoparietal cortex in rats, caused by either ischemia or suction, produces hyperactivity for as long as a month(More)
Focal suction lesions of the right frontoparietal cortex in rats produce locomotor hyperactivity. We attempted to reverse these changes by grafting homologous cortex from 16-day-old embryos into the lesion site. Various aspects of activity were measured in computerized photocell chambers until 14 weeks past transplantation. Three groups of animals were(More)
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