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Human plasma chitotriosidase activity is a commonly used diagnostic and therapeutic biomarker for non-neuronopathic Gaucher disease. Chitotriosidase deficiency is common in non-African populations and is primarily caused by a 24 bp duplication in the encoding gene (CHIT1). Allele frequencies for the 24 bp duplication range from 20-50 % outside Africa. The(More)
Haplogroup H dominates present-day Western European mitochondrial DNA variability (>40%), yet was less common (~19%) among Early Neolithic farmers (~5450 BC) and virtually absent in Mesolithic hunter-gatherers. Here we investigate this major component of the maternal population history of modern Europeans and sequence 39 complete haplogroup H mitochondrial(More)
BACKGROUND Keratolytic winter erythema (KWE) or Oudtshoorn skin disease is a rare autosomal dominant monogenic disorder of epidermal keratinisation characterized clinically by cyclical peeling of the palms and soles. Due to a founder effect many KWE families have been identified in South Africa and the gene has been localized to 8p23.1-22, but the causal(More)
Epidemiological evidence suggests that an adverse in utero environment is associated with an increased risk for developing adult onset diseases. The molecular mechanisms for susceptibility to chronic noncommunicable diseases are not fully understood, although recent research has proposed that epigenetic modifications play an important role in fetal(More)
Keratolytic winter erythema (KWE), also known as Oudtshoorn skin disease, is characterised by a cyclical disruption of normal epidermal keratinisation affecting primarily the palmoplantar skin with peeling of the palms and soles, which is worse in the winter. It is a rare monogenic, autosomal dominant condition of unknown cause. However, due to a founder(More)
Aboriginal Australians represent one of the oldest continuous cultures outside Africa, with evidence indicating that their ancestors arrived in the ancient landmass of Sahul (present-day New Guinea and Australia) ~55 thousand years ago. Genetic studies, though limited, have demonstrated both the uniqueness and antiquity of Aboriginal Australian genomes. We(More)
BACKGROUND Primary Open Angle Glaucoma (POAG) is an important cause of irreversible blindness in South Africa. Mutations in the MYOC gene are important in monogenic POAG. This study aimed to characterize potentially pathogenic MYOC mutations in this population. MATERIALS AND METHODS Self-identified black South African POAG patients (215) and unaffected(More)
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