Learn More
BACKGROUND The 'Mediterranean diet' is considered to exert protective effects on cardiovascular disease, although a wide range of dietary patterns exists among subjects living even in the same Mediterranean country. OBJECTIVE To investigate the association between specific dietary patterns and peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in Italian Type 2 diabetes(More)
It is commonly believed that high-carbohydrate (CHO) diets improve peripheral insulin sensitivity; however, this concept is based on anecdotal evidence. Furthermore, it has been demonstrated that in non-insulin-dependent diabetic patients treated with insulin, a high-monounsaturated-fat (MUFA) diet is more effective than a high-complex-CHO diet in reducing(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether an increase in dietary potassium intake from natural foods reduces the need for antihypertensive medication in patients with essential hypertension. DESIGN Randomized, controlled trial with 1-year follow-up. SETTING Hypertension outpatient clinic of a university hospital. PATIENTS Fifty-four patients with well-controlled(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate in type 1 diabetic patients 1) the long-term feasibility of a high-fiber (HF) diet composed exclusively of natural foodstuffs and 2) the efficacy of this diet in relation to blood glucose control and incidence of hypoglycemic episodes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS The study was randomized with parallel groups. Participants were part(More)
Recent studies have demonstrated that high-carbohydrate-high-fiber diets may improve the metabolic control in diabetes. To evaluate the influence of dietary carbohydrates separate from dietary fiber on blood glucose control, six insulin-dependent diabetic patients (IDD) were assigned in random order to two weight-maintaining diets for consecutive periods of(More)
To evaluate the effects of a fibre-rich diet on blood glucose and serum lipoproteins, eight diabetic patients, four on insulin and four on oral hypoglycaemic drugs, were put on three different diets, a different one for each consecutive 10-day period: diet A (carbohydrate 53%, fibre 16 g), diet B (carbohydrate 53%, fibre 54 g), and diet C (carbohydrate 42%,(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM The intake of wholemeal foods is consistently associated with reduced risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases in epidemiological studies, although the mechanisms of this association are unclear. Here we aim to compare in healthy subjects the metabolic effects of a diet rich in wholemeal wheat foods versus one based on the same(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare the long term metabolic effects of two diets for treating hyperlipidaemia. DESIGN Randomised controlled study: after three weeks of normal (control) diet, subjects were randomly allocated to one of two test diets and followed up for six months. SETTING Lipid clinic of tertiary referral centre in Naples. SUBJECTS 63 subjects with(More)
A controlled trial of the effect of low versus high calcium intake on blood pressure was performed in 15 patients with mild essential hypertension (supine blood pressure after a 1-month run-in period: 145.7 +/- 2.6/97.8 +/- 0.9 mmHg, mean +/- s.e.m.). After a 1-week baseline period on a standard calcium intake (900 mg/day, obtained by giving a 500-mg(More)