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Reviewers The Publications Committee of the American Physiological Society gratefully acknowledges the services of the following reviewers who assisted the Editorial Board in the reviews of manuscripts. I would like to recommend that our library subscribe to the American Journal of Physiology–Cell Physiology. This is a journal published online and in print(More)
The plasmalemmal area of striated muscle fibres is greater than the apparent surface area (A = circumference x length) because of variable folds and the invaginations of the caveolae and T-tubules. Freeze-fracture replicas of the surface membrane of sartorius and semitendinosus muscles from Rana pipiens have been used to determine the numbers and(More)
The chemical phosphatase butanedione monoxime (BDM) reversibly inhibited twitches and tetanic contractions in bundles of rat soleus fibres in a dose-dependent manner (2-20 mM) but had no effect on the amplitude or time course of action potentials. In addition, BDM reversibly reduced the amplitude of potassium contractures demonstrating a depressant effect(More)
Asymmetrical charge movements (Q) were recorded from the voltage-clamped ends of muscle fibres in extensor digitorum longus (e.d.l.) and soleus muscles from rats. Tetracaine (2 mM) was added to solutions to prevent contraction. In both muscles the relationship between Q and membrane potential (V) was S-shaped and could be described by the Boltzmann-type(More)
K contractures and two-microelectrode voltage-clamp techniques were used to measure inactivation of excitation-contraction coupling in small bundles of fibers from rat extensor digitorum longus (e.d.l.) and soleus muscles at 21 degrees C. The rate of spontaneous relaxation was faster in e.d.l. fibers: the time for 120 mM K contractures to decay to 50% of(More)
1. The steady-state intracellular membrane potential of fibres in thin bundles dissected from mouse extensor digitorum longus or soleus muscles or rat sternomastoid muscles was measured with 3 M-KCl glass micro-electrodes. The steady-state membrane potential was found to depend on the extracellular concentrations of Na, K and Cl ions. 2. The resting(More)
1. Twitches, tetanic contractions and potassium contractures were recorded isometrically from small bundles of rat soleus muscle fibres. 2. Solutions with reduced calcium concentrations (low-calcium solutions), whether buffered with EGTA (85 and 3 microM-Ca2+) or not (15 microM-Ca2+), caused an initial potentiation of contraction followed by depression. 3.(More)
High-frequency fatigue (HFF), the decline of force during continuous tetanic stimulation (lasting 4-40 s), was studied in isolated bundles of rat skeletal muscle fibers. HFF was slower in slow-twitch soleus fibers than in fast-twitch red or white sternomastoid fibers; denervation accelerated fatigue in soleus. Maximal 200-mmol/L potassium contractures of(More)
Junctin, a non-catalytic splice variant encoded by the aspartate-β-hydroxylase (Asph) gene, is inserted into the membrane of the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca(2+) store where it modifies Ca(2+) signalling in the heart and skeletal muscle through its regulation of ryanodine receptor (RyR) Ca(2+) release channels. Junctin is required for normal muscle(More)
FKBP12 was removed from ryanodine receptors (RyRs) by incubation of rabbit skeletal muscle terminal cisternae membranes with rapamycin. The extent of FKBP12 removal was estimated by immunostaining Western blots of terminal cisternae proteins. Single FKBP12-depleted RyR channels, incorporated into planar lipid bilayers, were modulated by Ca2+, ATP,(More)