Learn More
BACKGROUND Hypercholesterolemia is associated with inflammation and the prothrombotic state. CD40-CD40 ligand (CD40L) interactions promote a prothrombotic response in nucleated cells. The aim of this study was to characterize the in vivo expression of soluble CD40L (sCD40L) in hypercholesterolemia, to correlate it with the extent of the prothrombotic state,(More)
Several cardiovascular risk factors are characterized by the coexistence of low-grade inflammation, enhanced oxidative stress and lipid peroxidation. It has been hypothesized that F2-isoprostanes, a product of in vivo lipid peroxidation, may transduce the effects of metabolic and hemodynamic abnormalities into increased cardiovascular risk. Thus, the(More)
Obesity, in particular visceral obesity, has strong associations with cardiovascular disease and is related to many factors that are constituents of the metabolic syndrome. Increasing evidence suggests that features of the metabolic syndrome, including visceral obesity, are associated with a low-grade inflammatory state. Indeed, visceral fat is a source of(More)
Enhanced oxidant stress plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of several conditions such as atherothrombosis, cancer and neurodegeneration. The availability of reliable assays of isoprostanes in biological fluids has prompted clinical investigations into the pathophysiological role of lipid peroxidation in cardiovascular disease. Established risk factors(More)
CONTEXT Obesity, in particular abdominal adiposity, is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality through mechanisms possibly linking the metabolic disorder to platelet and vascular abnormalities. OBJECTIVE To investigate the clinical and biochemical determinants of lipid peroxidation and platelet activation in obese women. DESIGN,(More)
Insulin resistance is associated with a low chronic inflammatory state. In this study we investigated the relationship between impaired insulin sensitivity and selected markers of inflammation and thrombin generation in obese healthy women. We examined 32 healthy obese women (body mass index > or = 28), with normal insulin sensitivity (NIS, n = 14) or(More)
Hypercholesterolemia is the dominant risk factor associated with atherothrombotic disorders in the western world. Consequently, much attention has been devoted to defining its role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. It is currently recognized that hypercholesterolemia induces phenotypic changes in the microcirculation that are consistent with oxidative(More)
There is considerable evidence that hyperglycemia represents the main cause of complications of diabetes mellitus (DM), and oxidative stress resulting from increased generation of reactive oxygen species plays a crucial role in their pathogenesis. In fact, in the absence of an appropriate response from endogenous antioxidant mechanisms, the redox imbalance(More)
Increased levels of sCD40L (soluble CD40 ligand) have been associated with enhanced in vivo platelet activation, and may represent a molecular link between inflammation and a prothrombotic state. The aim of the present study was to analyse the relationship between platelet activation, endothelial dysfunction, low-grade inflammation and sCD40L in patients(More)
OBJECTIVES The goals of this study were to characterize the platelet contribution to soluble CD40 ligand (sCD40L), to correlate its formation with the extent of oxidative stress and platelet activation, and to investigate the effects of improved metabolic control and low-dose aspirin on these processes. BACKGROUND Inflammation, oxidative stress, and(More)