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BACKGROUND The mechanisms of paraneoplastic thrombocytosis in ovarian cancer and the role that platelets play in abetting cancer growth are unclear. METHODS We analyzed clinical data on 619 patients with epithelial ovarian cancer to test associations between platelet counts and disease outcome. Human samples and mouse models of epithelial ovarian cancer(More)
The molecular mechanisms predisposing to atherosclerotic aneurysm formation remain undefined. Nevertheless, rupture of aortic aneurysms is a major cause of death in Western societies, with few available treatments and poor long-term prognosis. Indirect evidence suggests that matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and plasminogen activators (PAs) are involved in(More)
To investigate the role of plasmin(ogen) in mammary tumor development and progression, plasminogen-deficient mice were crossed with transgenic mice expressing Polyoma middle T antigen under the control of the mouse mammary tumor virus long terminal repeat. Virgin females carrying the Polyoma middle T antigen uniformly developed multiple, bilateral mammary(More)
IL-6 modulates immune responses and is essential for timely wound healing. As the functions mediated by IL-6 require binding to its specific receptor, IL-6Ralpha, it was expected that mice lacking IL-6Ralpha would have the same phenotype as IL-6-deficient mice. However, although IL-6Ralpha-deficient mice share many of the inflammatory deficits seen in(More)
Detailed studies of tumor cell-associated procoagulants and fibrinolytic factors have implied that local thrombin generation and fibrin deposition and dissolution may be important in tumor growth and dissemination. To directly determine whether fibrin(ogen) or plasmin(ogen) are determinants of the metastatic potential of circulating tumor cells, this study(More)
PURPOSE Excimer laser photorefractive keratectomy creates a nonvascular wound of the cornea. Fibrin deposition and resolution after excimer laser photokeratectomy were investigated in relation to corneal repair and restoration of clarity in mice with a genetic deficiency of plasminogen. METHODS A Summit Apex Laser (Summit, Waltham, MA) was used to perform(More)
Mice deleted for the plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) gene are relatively protected from developing pulmonary fibrosis induced by bleomycin. We hypothesized that PAI-1 deficiency reduces fibrosis by promoting plasminogen activation and accelerating the clearance of fibrin matrices that accumulate within the damaged lung. In support of this(More)
Metabolic, infectious, and tumor cell-intrinsic noxae can all evoke the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress response in tumor cells, which is critical for tumor cell growth and cancer progression. Evidence exists that the ER stress response can drive a proinflammatory program in tumor cells and macrophages but, to our knowledge, a role for the tumor ER stress(More)
The tumor microenvironment is known to have a profound effect on tumor progression in a highly context-specific manner. We have investigated whether peritoneal inflammation plays a causative role in ovarian tumor metastasis, a poorly understood process. Implantation of human ovarian tumor cells into the ovaries of severe combined immunodeficient mice(More)
Influenza virus infection is considered a major worldwide public health problem. Seasonal infections with the most common influenza virus strains (e.g., H1N1) can usually be resolved, but they still cause a high rate of mortality. The factors that influence the outcome of the infection remain unclear. Here, we show that deficiency of interleukin (IL)-6 or(More)