Angela Cowell

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The association between severe bronchiolitis and dual infection by human metapneumovirus (hMPV) and human respiratory syncytial virus (hRSV) was investigated in <2-year-old infants with bronchiolitis who were admitted to the hospital during the 2001-2002 winter season. hMPV in nasopharyngeal aspirate and/or cells and fluid collected by nonbronchoscopic(More)
Lipocortin 1 (LC1), a mediator of anti-inflammatory steroid action in some peripheral tissues, may contribute to the acute inhibitory effects of these steroids on hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) function. Accordingly, in the present study we have used an in vitro model to examine the potential role of this protein in the regulation of the release of(More)
Dispersed anterior pituitary cells were used to investigate the possible roles of phospholipid metabolites released by phospholipase A2 (PLA2) in the control of immunoreactive ACTH (ir-ACTH) secretion in vitro. PLA2 (15,600-62,500 U/l), the PLA2 activator melittin (0.5-20 mg/l) and arachidonic acid (1 mmol/l) all produced increases in ir-ACTH release from(More)
Glucocorticoids have been shown repeatedly to inhibit the release of prolactin (PRL) in the rat but their site and mode of action is unknown. In the present study, we used an in vitro model to examine the requirement for protein synthesis for dexamethasone to suppress the release of immunoreactive (ir)-PRL release from the rat pituitary gland. In addition(More)
Lipocortin 1 (LC1: also called annexin 1) was first described as a putative second messenger protein for the anti-inflammatory steroids in peripheral tissues. In the present study, in vitro and in vivo methods were used to examine its potential role within the hypothalamus as a mediator of the regulatory actions of the glucocorticoids on the(More)
Our recent studies indicate that lipocortin 1 (LC1), a putative second messenger protein for the anti-inflammatory steroids in peripheral tissues, may also contribute to the regulatory actions of the glucocorticoids on the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis. In the present study we have used in vitro and in vivo models to compare the effects of(More)
The role of phosphatidylcholine (PC) and phosphatidylinositol (PI) specific phospholipase C (PLC) enzymes in the release of immunoreactive arginine vasopressin (ir-AVP) from rat hypothalami in vitro was examined. PC-PLC (0.05-01 U ml-1) increased ir-AVP release but PI-PLC (0.01-0.5 U ml-1) did not. The response to a submaximal concentration of PC-PLC (0.075(More)
[3H]L-arginine uptake and the conversion of [3H]L-arginine to [3H]citrulline were characterized in foetal hypothalamic cultures. [3H]L-arginine uptake was reduced by L-ornithine (10 microM-1 mM), high extracellular K+ (56 mM), L-glutamate (100 microM) and removal of extracellular Ca2+, but was increased by the nitric oxide synthase inhibitor,(More)
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