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The product of the SLC40A1 gene, ferroportin 1, is a main iron export protein. Pathogenic mutations in ferroportin 1 lead to an autosomal dominant hereditary iron overload syndrome characterized by high serum ferritin concentration, normal transferrin saturation, iron accumulation predominantly in macrophages, and marginal anemia. Iron overload occurs in(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Juvenile hemochromatosis is a severe form of hereditary iron overload that has thus far been linked to pathogenic mutations of the gene coding for hemojuvelin (HJV), on chromosome 1, or, more rarely, that coding for hepcidin ( HAMP ), on chromosome 19. A milder adult-onset form is due to pathogenic mutations of HFE or, rarely, serum(More)
UNLABELLED Keratins (K) 8 and 18 variants predispose carriers to the development of end-stage liver disease and patients with chronic hepatitis C to disease progression. Hepatocytes express K8/K18, whereas biliary epithelia express K8/K18/K19. K8-null mice, which are predisposed to liver injury, spontaneously develop anti-mitochondrial antibodies (AMA) and(More)
Numerous clinical entities have now been identified to cause pathologic iron accumulation in the liver. Some are well described and have a verified hereditary basis; in others the genetic basis is still speculative, while in several cases nongenetic iron-loading factors are apparent. The non- HFE hemochromatosis syndromes identifies a subgroup of hereditary(More)
Ferroportin-associated iron overload (also known as the ferroportin disease) is a common cause of hereditary hyperferritinemia. It was originally proposed that loss-of-protein function mutations account for iron overload in the FD. This hypothesis is consistent with the phenotype reported in most patients with FD of early iron accumulation in tissues,(More)
BACKGROUND Hereditary hemochromatosis (HH) is a very rare disease in Iran and reported cases are all negative for HFE mutation. We report a family affected by severe juvenile hemochromatosis (JH) with a detailed molecular study of the family members. METHODS We studied a pedigree with siblings affected by juvenile HH and followed them for 3 years.(More)
In the present study we describe the exome sequencing and analysis of a patient with Catel-Manzke-like phenotype showing bilateral hyperphalangism of the second finger and thumb clinodactyly due to a unilateral delta phalanx, associated with growth, cardiac and vertebral defects. The exome sequencing analysis excluded pathogenetic mutations in the genes(More)
BACKGROUND Iron overload disorders are hereditary hemochromatosis and secondary etiologies other than hereditary hemochromatosis. We describe 2 boys presenting with iron overload. Juvenile hemochromatosis and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) related iron overload are the genetic and secondary causes, respectively. OBSERVATIONS Both patients benefited(More)