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A PCR-RFLP based method was developed to diagnose and identify the Leishmania species causing American cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL) in a panel of clinical samples obtained from an endemic region of Brazil. The comparison of the results obtained by PCR-RFLP and PCR-hybridization in the identification of Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis and L. (Leishmania)(More)
Tissue imprints on Giemsa stained slides from dogs were used to investigate the presence of Leishmania amastigotes by either optical microscopy (OM) or Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) detection of DNA. Samples from skin, spleen, lymph node, liver and bone marrow from a Leishmaniasis endemic area dogs where Leishmania (Leishmania) chagasi and Leishmania(More)
This study examined the ability of PCR to amplify Leishmania DNA, stored on Giemsa-stained slides, from American cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL) patients. In total, 475 slides stored for up to 36 years were obtained from an outpatient clinic in a Brazilian ACL-endemic region, and Leishmania DNA was amplified from 395 (83.2%) of the DNA samples using primers(More)
OBJECTIVE Information on Leishmania species diversity in western Brazilian Amazon and the clinical picture of human cutaneous leishmaniasis it causes is scarce. We describe clinical findings, diagnostic procedures and identification of Leishmania species in patients from that region. METHODS The sample consisted of 50 patients, prospectively evaluated for(More)
Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) was experimentally induced in rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) by intravenously inoculating 2 x 10(7)amastigotes/kg of body weight of Leishmania infantum. The macaques developed a systemic disease showing characteristic features of human VL such as fever, diarrhoea, body weight loss, anaemia, hypergammaglobulinaemia and transient(More)
While relapses following clinical cure of American cutaneous leishmaniasis are frequent, no test has been described until now to predict such relapses. A cohort of 318 American cutaneous leishmaniasis patients was followed up for two years after treatment with meglumine antimoniate, during which time 32 relapses occurred, 30 in the first year and two in the(More)
Skin biopsies from 53 patients with American cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL) from the State of Minas Gerais, Brazil, were used for a characterization of the Leishmania parasites. A pair of primers flanking the conserved region of the Leishmania minicircle kDNA was used to obtain amplified DNA via the polymerase chain reaction. The amplified products were(More)
The diagnosis value of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was assessed in patients from an area endemic for American cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL) in Brazil. Different forms of clinical sample preservation and DNA extraction for PCR were tested. The 4 preservation forms of the skin biopsies from patients suspected to have ACL were as follows: imprinted on(More)
This study investigated clinical, laboratorial, therapeutic and prognostic aspects of American cutaneous leishmaniasis in Belo Horizonte in 358 patients with cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) and 25 with mucocutaneous leishmaniasis (MCL). Compared to CL patients, the MCL patients reported longer duration of disease and higher frequency of other diseases,(More)
In this study, PCR assays targeting different Leishmania heat-shock protein 70 gene (hsp70) regions, producing fragments ranging in size from 230-390 bp were developed and evaluated to determine their potential as a tool for the specific molecular diagnosis of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL). A total of 70 Leishmania strains were analysed, including seven(More)