Learn More
Neurofibromatosis 2 (NF2) is a tumor predisposition syndrome in which affected individuals develop nervous system tumors at an increased frequency. The most common tumor in individuals with NF2 is the schwannoma, which is composed of neoplastic Schwann cells lacking NF2 gene expression. Moreover, inactivation of the NF2 gene is observed in nearly all(More)
Neurofibromatosis type 1 is a relatively common inherited disorder. Patients have a high predisposition to develop both benign and malignant tumours. Although many manifestations of neurofibromatosis type 1 affect the nervous system, other organs and tissues can also be affected. Because of the varying features and clinical heterogeneity inherent to this(More)
The neurofibromatosis 2 (NF2) tumor suppressor belongs to the Protein 4.1 family of molecules that link the actin cytoskeleton to cell surface glycoproteins. We have previously demonstrated that the NF2 protein, merlin, can suppress cell growth in vitro and in vivo as well as impair actin cytoskeleton-associated processes, such as cell spreading,(More)
Blockade of osteoclast (OC) activity efficiently decreases tumor burden as well as associated bone erosion in immune-compromised animals bearing human osteolytic cancers. In this study, we showed that modulation of antitumor T-cell responses alters tumor growth in bone, regardless of OC status, by using genetic and pharmacologic models. PLCγ2(-/-) mice,(More)
One in 20 carriers of human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) will develop adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL), a disease frequently associated with hypercalcemia, bone destruction, and a fatal course refractory to current therapies. Overexpression of the HTLV-1-encoded Tax oncoprotein under the human granzyme B promoter causes large granular(More)
We have identified a protein isoform of the neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1) gene (neurofibromin) containing the alternatively spliced exon 9a that is expressed in forebrain neurons. Exon 9a neurofibromin is localized in the cytoplasm, sediments in a P100 fraction, and is expressed throughout the soma and processes in cortical neurons in vitro. Expression of exon(More)
The adenosine diphosphate (ADP) receptor P2RY12 (purinergic receptor P2Y, G protein coupled, 12) plays a critical role in platelet aggregation, and P2RY12 inhibitors are used clinically to prevent cardiac and cerebral thrombotic events. Extracellular ADP has also been shown to increase osteoclast (OC) activity, but the role of P2RY12 in OC biology is(More)
Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNSTs) are highly aggressive sarcomas that arise sporadically or in association with the Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) cancer predisposition syndrome. In individuals with NF1, MPNSTs are hypothesized to arise from Nf1-deficient Schwann cell precursor cells following the somatic acquisition of secondary cooperating(More)
  • 1