Angela Avenoso

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The role of the polymorphic cytochrome P450 2D6 (CYP2D6) in the metabolism of risperidone to its major active metabolite, 9-hydroxyrisperidone (9-OH-risperidone), has been documented after single oral doses of the drug. In this study, the influence of the CYP2D6 polymorphism on the steady-state plasma concentrations of risperidone and 9-OH-risperidone was(More)
Small degradation fragments of hyaluronan (HA) may stimulate an inflammatory response in a variety of tissues at the injury site. HA oligosaccharides are endogenous ligands for the cluster determinant 44 (CD44) receptor as well as for toll-like receptor 4 (TLR-4). Previous data have shown that HA fragments may induce pro-inflammatory cytokine expression by(More)
The distribution of the oxidation polymorphism related to cytochrome CYP2D6 (debrisoquine type) was determined in 246 healthy Italian volunteers. Phenotyping was based on HPLC determination of the dextrometorphan/dextrorphan concentration ratio (metabolic ratio) in urine samples collected over an 8 h interval following a single oral 30 mg dose of(More)
To evaluate the antioxidant activity of the glycosaminoglycans hyaluronic acid (HYA) and chondroitin-4-sulphate (C4S), we used a rat model of collagen-induced arthritis (CIA). Arthritis was induced in Lewis rats by multiple intradermal injections of 250 microl of emulsion containing bovine type II collagen in complete Freund's adjuvant at the base of the(More)
Rationale: Monitoring plasma clozapine concentrations may play a useful role in the management of patients with schizophrenia, but information on the relationship between the plasma levels of the drug and response is still controversial. Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between plasma concentrations of clozapine and its(More)
Hyaluronic acid (HA) may exert different action depending on its degree of polymerization. Small HA fragments induce proinflammatory responses, while highly polymerized HA exerts a protective effect in inflammatory pathologies such as rheumatoid arthritis. In both cases the toll-like receptor 4 (TLR-4) seems to be involved in the modulation of the(More)
Previous studies reported that hyaluronic acid (HA), chondroitin sulphate (CS) and heparan sulphate (HS) were able to reduce the inflammatory process in a variety of cell types after lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulation. The aim of this study was to investigate the anti-inflammatory effect of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) in mouse articular chondrocytes(More)
Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), components of extracellular matrix, are thought to play important roles in cell proliferation and differentiation in the repair process of injured tissue. Oxidative stress is one of the most frequent causes of tissue and cell injury and the consequent lipid peroxidation is the main manifestation of free radical damage. It has been(More)
OBJECTIVE Free radical damage, inflammation, and apoptosis play a critical role in the onset and progression of cartilage erosion in arthritis. Many studies have demonstrated that glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), and chondroitin-4-sulphate (C4S) in particular, possess antioxidant activity that is able to inhibit lipid peroxidation which is the main mechanism of(More)
The effect of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor fluvoxamine (100 mg/day for 10 consecutive days) on the kinetics of a single oral dose of imipramine (50 mg) and desipramine (100 mg) was investigated in 12 healthy subjects. Compared with a control session, treatment with fluvoxamine caused a significant prolongation of imipramine half-life (from(More)