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1. CP 50,556, CP 55,940, nabilone, CP 56,667, delta 9 -tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabinol each inhibited electrically-evoked contractions of the myenteric plexus-longitudinal muscle preparation of guinea-pig small intestine in a concentration-related manner. The IC50 values of these cannabinoids, respectively 3.45, 3.46, 30.61, 162.94, 214.63, and(More)
At present, little is known about the mechanisms by which cannabinoids exert their effects on the central nervous system. In this study, fluorescence imaging and electrophysiological techniques were used to investigate the functional relationship between cell surface cannabinoid type 1 (CB(1)) receptors and GABAergic synaptic transmission in cultured(More)
Agonist-induced internalization of G-protein-coupled receptors is an important mechanism for regulating receptor abundance and availability at the plasma membrane. In this study we have used immunolabeling techniques and confocal microscopy to investigate agonist-induced internalization and trafficking of CB(1) receptors in rat cultured hippocampal neurons.(More)
Cannabinoids modulate nociceptive processing in models of acute, inflammatory and neuropathic pain. We have investigated the location and function of cannabinoid receptors on cultured neonatal dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurones and F-11 cells, a dorsal root ganglionxneuroblastoma hybridoma which displays several of the features of authentic DRG neurones.(More)
1. The dose-related inhibition of the twitch responses of the myenteric plexus-longitudinal muscle preparation of the guinea-pig small intestine by cannabinoid (CB) agonists, (+)-WIN 55212 and CP 55940 during stimulation at 0.1 Hz with supramaximal voltage was confirmed. These agonists inhibited acetylcholine (ACh) release in the presence of physostigmine(More)
Activation of cannabinoid CB(1) receptors inhibits gastrointestinal motility, propulsion, and transit, whereas selective antagonism of these receptors has the opposite effects, suggesting the presence of endocannabinoid tone. Supporting evidence for presynaptic CB(1) receptors on myenteric neurons has been found in vitro. In this study, selective CB(1)(More)
Cannabinoid receptor agonists inhibit electrically evoked isometric contractions of the myenteric plexus--longitudinal muscle preparation of the guinea-pig small intestine (MPLM), probably by reducing release of acetylcholine (ACh) through the activation of prejunctional CB1 receptors. As CB1 receptors are thought to be negatively coupled through Gi/o(More)
The controversial nature of the CB(1) receptor antagonist, SR141716A, in the guinea-pig small intestine was investigated by comparing it with four analogues of Delta(8)-tetrahydrocannabinol (Delta(8)-THC): O-1184, O-1238, O-584 and O-1315. These compounds (10 - 1000 nM) inhibited the electrically-evoked contractions with a rank order of potency of(More)
Cannabis has a long history of consumption both for recreational and medicinal uses. Recently there have been significant advances in our understanding of how cannabis and related compounds (cannabinoids) affect the brain and this review addresses the current state of knowledge of these effects. Cannabinoids act primarily via two types of receptor, CB1 and(More)
Recent investigations suggest that vanilloid receptor-1 (VR1) immunoreactivity occurs in the intestine. We have determined and quantified this immunoreactivity in the myenteric plexus with respect to cholinergic and neurofilament protein-positive neurones. Guinea-pig and rat preparations were dual-labelled with specific antibodies raised in rabbit or goat(More)