Angel Villanueva

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During the subacute and chronic phases of esophagitis due to ingestion of a caustic substance, the patient commonly displays stricture, esophageal rigidity and dysphagia. We used esophageal manometry, radiology, pH monitoring and 99mTc scintigraphy to investigate esophageal motor function in 25 children (mean age 24 +/- 7 months) with chronic esophagitis(More)
In this article, we report two new cases of brain abscess in patients under treatment for esophageal stricture secondary to caustic ingestion. This supports Rontal's hypothesis that “the pressure from esophageal dilatation may result in microscopic perforation and/or bacteremia and that high-dose steroid treatment facilitates bacterial seeding by impeding(More)
We compared the efficacies of prednisolone and dexamethasone for treatment of children with oesophageal burns due to ingestion of caustic substances. The criteria of efficacy used were a) stricture severity by 3 weeks post-ingestion, b) reduction in burn severity by 3 weeks post-ingestion and c) number of dilatations required over the first year(More)
BACKGROUND Despite its increasing popularity, laparoscopic appendectomy does not put an unanimous end to the answer to the best treatment for appendicitis. Although the postoperative stay is shorter, the wound infection practically does not exist and scars are minimal, some publications question its advantages due to the incidence of intra-abdominal(More)
Steroids have been widely used to prevent the severe secondary strictures that inevitably follow accidental ingestion of caustic substances by children, though with controversial results. To confirm the efficacy of large early doses of dexamethasone, we conducted an experimental study in rabbits. A cotton swab soaked in sodium hydroxide was placed on the(More)
 The aim of the study was to investigate the use of granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) as an adjunctive treatment for clinically refractory mucosal candidiasis in patients with advanced AIDS. Three patients with advanced AIDS and oropharyngeal candidiasis clinically refractory to azoles or amphotericin B received GM-CSF for 14 days(More)
Aiming to assess the development of the anorectal sphincteric apparatus and whether it is influenced by the presence of an intestinal conduit through the muscular complex, we seek to develop an experimental model of anorectal atresia in foetuses of female pregnant rats, given orally the herbicide ethylenethiourea (ETU). Six 3-months-old, 300 g female Wistar(More)
A case of papillary squamous cell carcinoma of the oropharynx is reported. The lesion was located in the base of the tongue and grossly presented a characteristic finger-like pattern of growth. The clinicopathological profile of the neoplasm is presented and the differential diagnosis with other exophytic squamous cell carcinomas is discussed.
The authors present their experience with ten children operated on for left-sided idiopathic varicocele over a period of seven years. The treatment was high ligature of the spermatic vein with a favorable outcome in all cases. The histology of the testes, seen in biopsy, demonstrated a variable degree of damage. For this reason the authors recommend that(More)