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Progesterone plays a role in breast cancer development and progression but the effects on breast cancer cell movement or invasion have not been fully explored. In this study, we investigate the actions of natural progesterone and of the synthetic progestin medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) on actin cytoskeleton remodeling and on breast cancer cell movement(More)
BACKGROUND Limited information is available on the effects of progestins on breast cancer progression and metastasis. Cell migration and invasion are central for these processes, and require dynamic cytoskeletal and cell membrane rearrangements for cell motility to be enacted. METHODS We investigated the effects of progesterone (P), medroxyprogesterone(More)
Sex steroids are important for brain function and protection. However, growing evidence suggests that these actions might depend on the timing of exposure to steroids. We have studied the effects of steroid administration on the survival of neural cells and we have partially characterized the possible mechanisms. The effect of a 24h pre-treatment with(More)
Breast cancer is the most common malignancy in women and the appearance of distant metastases produces the death in 98% of cases. The retinoic acid receptor β (RARβ) is not expressed in 50% of invasive breast carcinoma compared with normal tissue and it has been associated with lymph node metastasis. Our hypothesis is that RARβ protein participates in the(More)
Estrogens are important regulators of neuronal cell morphology, and this is thought to be critical for gender-specific differences in brain function and dysfunction. Dendritic spine formation is dependent on actin remodeling by the WASP-family verprolin homologous (WAVE1) protein, which controls actin polymerization through the actin-related protein(More)
BACKGROUND Fetal Growth Restriction is often associated with a feto-placental vascular dysfunction conceivably involving endothelial cells. Our study aimed to verify this pathogenic role for feto-placental endothelial cells and, coincidentally, demonstrate any abnormality in the nitric oxide system. METHODS Prenatal assessment of feto-placental vascular(More)
BACKGROUND Progestins have actions on the cardiovascular system, which depend on the structure as well as on receptor binding characteristics. Drospirenone (DRSP) is a progestin that uniquely interferes with the signaling of the mineralocorticoid receptor (MR). Hormone therapy containing DRSP results in blood pressure reduction in hypertensive(More)
Cell morphology is controlled by a complex and redundant array of intracellular signaling pathways devoted to the regulation of the actin cytoskeleton and of its relationship with the cell membrane and the extracellular matrix. Sex steroids are effective regulators of cell morphology and tissue organization, and recent evidence indicates that this is(More)
Coordination among different options is key for a functioning and efficient society. However, often coordination failures arise, resulting in serious problems both at the individual and the societal level. An additional factor intervening in the coordination process is individual mobility, which takes place at all scales in our world, and whose effect on(More)
Reproductive hormones influence breast cancer development and progression. While the actions of sex steroids in this setting are established, tentative evidence suggests that follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) may also play a role, yet this remains elusive. We here identify that T-47D breast cancer cells express functional(More)