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Progesterone plays a role in breast cancer development and progression but the effects on breast cancer cell movement or invasion have not been fully explored. In this study, we investigate the actions of natural progesterone and of the synthetic progestin medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) on actin cytoskeleton remodeling and on breast cancer cell movement(More)
BACKGROUND Limited information is available on the effects of progestins on breast cancer progression and metastasis. Cell migration and invasion are central for these processes, and require dynamic cytoskeletal and cell membrane rearrangements for cell motility to be enacted. METHODS We investigated the effects of progesterone (P), medroxyprogesterone(More)
While progesterone plays multiple roles in the process of breast development and differentiation, its role in breast cancer is less understood. We have shown previously that progestins stimulate breast cancer cell migration and invasion because of the activation of rapid signaling cascades leading to modifications in the actin cytoskeleton and cell membrane(More)
As a first step in the search of an analytical study of mechanical denaturation of DNA in terms of the sequence, we study stable, stationary solutions in the discrete, finite, and homogeneous Peyrard-Bishop DNA model. We find and classify all the stationary solutions of the model, as well as analytic approximations of them, both in the continuum and in the(More)
We study directed energy transport in homogeneous nonlinear extended systems in the presence of homogeneous ac forces and dissipation. We show that the mechanism responsible for unidirectional motion of topological excitations is the coupling of their internal and translation degrees of freedom. Our results lead to a selection rule for the existence of such(More)
The aim of this study is the identification of direct endothelial regulation by the androgens testosterone (T) and dihydrotestosterone (DHT). We tested the effects of T and DHT on nitric oxide (NO) synthesis and on tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) expression in human endothelial cells and in ovariectomized(More)
The ability of cancer cells to move and invade the surrounding environment is the basis of local and distant metastasis. Cancer cell movement requires dynamic remodeling of the cytoskeleton and cell membrane and is controlled by multiprotein complexes including focal adhesion kinase (FAK) or the Neural Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome Protein (N-WASP). We show that(More)
Estrogen and selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs) differentially impact endometrial cell function, however, the biological basis of these differences is not established. Deregulated cell adhesion to the extracellular matrix, cell movement and invasion are related to endometrial disorders, such as endometriosis or endometrial cancer. Remodeling of(More)
Breast cancer is the most common malignancy in women and the appearance of distant metastases produces the death in 98% of cases. The retinoic acid receptor β (RARβ) is not expressed in 50% of invasive breast carcinoma compared with normal tissue and it has been associated with lymph node metastasis. Our hypothesis is that RARβ protein participates in the(More)
The endothelial effects of progestogens are poorly investigated. Actin remodeling and cell movement are fundamental for endothelial function and are controlled by the actin-binding protein moesin. In this work, we studied the effects of progesterone and medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) on actin remodeling, moesin activation and cell movement in human(More)