Angel M Pastor

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Two types of central nervous system integrators are critical for oculomotor performance. The first integrates velocity commands to create position signals that hold fixation of the eye. The second stores relative velocity of the head and visual surround to stabilize gaze both during and after the occurrence of continuous self and world motion. We have used(More)
Neurotrophins, as target-derived factors, are essential for neuronal survival during development, but during adulthood, their scope of actions widens to become also mediators of synaptic and morphological plasticity. Target disconnection by axotomy produces an initial synaptic stripping ensued by synaptic rearrangement upon target reinnervation. Using(More)
1. The discharge of antidromically identified medial rectus and abducens motoneurons was recorded in restrained unanesthesized goldfish during spontaneous eye movements and in response to vestibular and optokinetic stimulation. 2. All medial rectus and abducens motoneurons exhibited a similar discharge pattern. A burst of spikes accompanied spontaneous(More)
1. The time course of eye velocity responses elicited by head velocity steps was compared in normal, adapted, and cerebellectomized goldfish. Vestibuloocular reflex (VOR) adaptation was induced by combined visual and vestibular stimulation that altered the ratio of eye to head velocity (VOR gain) toward values either higher or lower than the control(More)
1. The normal and adapted vestibuloocular reflex (VOR) of goldfish was characterized by means of sinusoidal, velocity step, and position step head rotations about the vertical axis. VOR adaptation was induced by short-term, 1- to 4-h, presentation of visual and vestibular stimuli that altered the ratio of eye to head velocity. 2. The VOR response measured(More)
Neuronal production persists during adulthood in the dentate gyrus and the olfactory bulb, where substantial numbers of immature neurons can be found. These cells can also be found in the paleocortex layer II of adult rodents, but in this case most of them have been generated during embryogenesis. Recent reports have described the presence of similar cells,(More)
The discharge characteristics of Purkinje cells were analyzed in the goldfish cerebellum during eye movement and adaptation of the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR). Purkinje cells, identified by the simultaneous recording of complex and simple spikes, were recorded in the cerebellar area where electrical microstimulation elicited ipsiversive horizontal eye(More)
Olfactory bulb ensheathing cell (OBEC) transplants promoted axonal regeneration in the spinal cord dorsal root entry zone and in the corticospinal tract. However, OBECs failed to promote abducens internuclear neuron axon regeneration when transplanted at the site of nerve fibre transection. In experiments performed in both cats and rats, OBECs survived for(More)
The eyelid motor system of the cat was used here for the study of the kinetic properties of reflex and conditioned lid movements, and of the role played by the cerebellum in the acquisition and/or performance of both types of motor responses. Spontaneous blinks, eyelid reflex responses, eye-guided lid movements and conditioned lid responses were recorded in(More)
The aim of the present work was to characterize the axotomy-induced changes in the discharge properties of central nervous system neurons recorded in the alert behaving animal. The abducens internuclear neurons of the adult cat were the chosen model. The axons of these neurons course through the contralateral medial longitudinal fascicle and contact the(More)