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Phenylketonuria patients harboring a subset of phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH) mutations have recently shown normalization of blood phenylalanine levels upon oral administration of the PAH cofactor tetrahydrobiopterin [(6R)-L-erythro-5,6,7,8-tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4)]. Several hypotheses have been put forward to explain BH4 responsiveness, but the molecular(More)
Phenylketonuria (PKU) is a genetic disease caused by mutations in human phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH). Most missense mutations result in misfolding of PAH, increased protein turnover, and a loss of enzymatic function. We studied the prediction of the energetic impact on PAH native-state stability of 318 PKU-associated missense mutations, using the(More)
CBS (cystathionine β-synthase) is a multidomain tetrameric enzyme essential in the regulation of homocysteine metabolism, whose activity is enhanced by the allosteric regulator SAM (S-adenosylmethionine). Missense mutations in CBS are the major cause of inherited HCU (homocystinuria). In the present study we apply a novel approach based on a combination of(More)
The abuse of anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) to enhance physical performance is widespread in sport communities despite their reported side effects. Since the biochemical bases for the hepatotoxic effects of these compounds are largely unknown, this investigation was aimed at testing whether prolonged (8 weeks) treatment with high doses (2 mg kg(-1) body(More)
Alanine-glyoxylate aminotransferase catalyzes the transamination between L-alanine and glyoxylate to produce pyruvate and glycine using pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP) as cofactor. Human alanine-glyoxylate aminotransferase is a peroxisomal enzyme expressed in the hepatocytes, the main site of glyoxylate detoxification. Its deficit causes primary hyperoxaluria(More)
A subtype of phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH) deficiency that responds to cofactor (tetrahydrobiopterin, BH4) supplementation has been associated with phenylketonuria (PKU) mutations. The underlying molecular mechanism of this responsiveness is as yet unknown and requires a detailed in vitro expression analysis of the associated mutations. With this aim, we(More)
Conformational diseases often show defective protein folding efficiency in vivo upon mutation, affecting protein properties such as thermodynamic stability and folding/unfolding/misfolding kinetics as well as the interactions of the protein with the protein homeostasis network. Human phosphoglycerate kinase 1 (hPGK1) deficiency is a rare inherited disease(More)
Protein kinetic destabilization is a common feature of many human genetic diseases. Human phosphoglycerate kinase 1 (PGK1) deficiency is a rare genetic disease caused by mutations in the PGK1 protein, which often shows reduced kinetic stability. In this work, we have performed an in-depth characterization of the thermal stability of the wild type and four(More)
Phenylketonuria (PKU) is an inborn error of metabolism caused by mutations in phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH). Over 500 disease-causing mutations have been identified in humans, most of which result in PAH protein misfolding and increased turnover in vivo. The use of pharmacological chaperones to stabilize or promote correct folding of mutant proteins(More)
The G170R variant of the alanine:glyoxylate aminotransferase (AGT) is the most common pathogenic allele associated to primary hyperoxaluria type I (PH1), leading to mitochondrial mistargeting when combined with the P11L and I340M polymorphisms (minor allele; AGTLM). In this work, we have performed a comparative analysis on the conformation, unfolding(More)