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Probiotics are live microorganisms that provide health benefits to the host when ingested in adequate amounts. The strains most frequently used as probiotics include lactic acid bacteria and bifidobacteria. Probiotics have demonstrated significant potential as therapeutic options for a variety of diseases, but the mechanisms responsible for these effects(More)
In the present study we have analyzed the prevalence and characteristics of the most relevant clinical and immunologic features in 1,000 patients with SLE. Several differences in the expression of the disease have been observed in relation to the patients' age at onset, sex, and autoantibody serology. The childhood-onset patients more often had malar rashes(More)
Obesity and insulin resistance have been recognised as leading causes of major health issues, particularly diabetes type 2 and metabolic syndrome. Although obesity, defined as excess body fat, is frequently accompanied by insulin resistance, diabetes, metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular diseases, the molecular basis for the link between obesity and those(More)
Beneficial effects of perinatal DHA supply on later neurological development have been reported. We assessed the effects of maternal DHA supplementation on the neurological development of their children. Healthy pregnant women from Spain, Germany, and Hungary were randomly assigned to a dietary supplement consisting of either fish oil (FO) (500 mg/d DHA +(More)
In this study we report the effects of sunflower, virgin olive and fish oils on the progression of aortic lesions. A total of 24 male New Zealand rabbits (six per each group) were fed for 50 days on a diet containing 3% lard and 1.3% cholesterol, to induce atherosclerosis. An atherogenic control group (A) was killed after this period and three groups were(More)
Data of hospitalizations for varicella and herpes zoster in Spain during the 1999-2000 period were obtained from the national surveillance system for hospital data. A total of 3083 hospitalizations for varicella and 6324 for herpes zoster were identified, representing an annual incidence of 4.1 and 8.4 per 100,000 persons per year, respectively. Almost half(More)
Amperometry in chromaffin cells expressing green fluorescent protein (GFP) fused to synaptosome-associated protein of 25 kDa (SNAP-25) have been used to test the involvement of single amino acids in exocytotic function, overcoming some of the limitations of studies based on Botulinum neurotoxin cleavage, as this occurs at defined sites of the protein.(More)
Increasing attention has been given recently to the role of free radicals in the pathogenesis of ulcerative colitis, since the inflamed intestine is exposed to oxidative stress generated by infiltrating macrophages and neutrophils within the lamina propia. The overall goal of this study was to evaluate whether experimental ulcerative colitis induces(More)
Buffered Ca(2+) diffusion in the cytosol of neuroendocrine cells is a plausible explanation for the slowness and latency in the secretion of hormones. We have developed a Monte Carlo simulation to treat the problem of 3-D diffusion and kinetic reactions of ions and buffers. The 3-D diffusion is modeled as a random walk process that follows the path of each(More)
The duration of spontaneous breathing trials before extubation has been set at 2 h in research studies, but the optimal duration is not known. We conducted a prospective, multicenter study involving 526 ventilator-supported patients considered ready for weaning, to compare clinical outcomes for trials of spontaneous breathing with target durations of 30 and(More)