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UNLABELLED Quasi-ultrafine (quasi-UF) particulate matter (PM(0.25)) and its components were measured in indoor and outdoor environments at four retirement communities in Los Angeles Basin, California, as part of the Cardiovascular Health and Air Pollution Study (CHAPS). The present paper focuses on the characterization of the sources, organic constituents(More)
The oxidative stress resulting from the neurogenic ataxia retinitis pigmentosa (NARP) mutation in the mitochondrial ATPase 6 gene was investigated in cultured skin fibroblasts from two patients presenting an isolated complex V deficiency. Taken as an index for superoxide overproduction, a huge induction of the superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity was(More)
A photo-electric aerosol sensor, a diffusion charger, an Aethalometer, and a continuous particle counter were used along with other real-time instruments to characterize the particle-bound polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (p-PAH) content, and the physi-cal/chemical characteristics of aerosols collected a) in Wilmington (CA) near the Los 5 Angeles port and(More)
Specific, tight-binding protein partners are valuable helpers to facilitate membrane protein (MP) crystallization, because they can i) stabilize the protein, ii) reduce its conformational heterogeneity, and iii) increase the polar surface from which well-ordered crystals can grow. The design and production of a new family of synthetic scaffolds (dubbed(More)
Liposomes sustain considerable interest to develop ways to fabricate drug delivery systems that would provide a good release without inducing any systemic reactions into the host. However, in many cases, liposomes injected into the blood stream are rapidly cleared from the system and only a fraction reaches the target site even when poly(ethylene glycol)(More)
The trimeric light-harvesting complexes II (LHCII) of plants and green algae are pigment-protein complexes involved in light harvesting and photoprotection. Different conformational states have been proposed to be responsible for their different functions. At present, detergent-solubilized LHCII is used as a model for the “light-harvesting conformation”,(More)
The use of classical antioxidants is limited by their low bioavailabilities, and therefore, high doses are usually required to display significant protective activity. In a recent article (J. Med. Chem. 2003, 46, 5230) we showed that the ability of the alpha-phenyl-N-tert-butylnitrone (PBN) to restore the viability of ATPase-deficient human skin fibroblasts(More)
Various techniques have been proposed to specify the phase transition temperatures of surfactant molecules. The work reported herein deals with a new general method of T(c) determination based on the optical properties' modifications of aqueous surfactant solutions when the phase transitions occur in the phospholipid membrane. The shape alteration of(More)
Lipoamide dehydrogenase or dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase (EC 1.8.1. 4) is the E3-protein component of the mitochondrial 2-oxoacid dehydrogenase multienzyme complexes. It is also the L-protein component of the glycine decarboxylase system. Although the enzymology of this enzyme has been studied exhaustively using free lipoamide as substrate, no data are(More)
Loss of stability and integrity of large membrane protein complexes as well as their aggregation in a non-lipidic environment are the major bottlenecks to their structural studies. We have tested C(12)H(25)-S-poly-Tris-(hydroxymethyl)acrylamidomethane (H(12)-TAC) among many other detergents for extracting the yeast F(1)F(0) ATP-synthase. H(12)-TAC was found(More)