Learn More
SHA-1 is a widely used 1995 NIST cryptographic hash function standard that was officially deprecated by NIST in 2011 due to fundamental security weaknesses demonstrated in various analyses and theoretical attacks. Despite its deprecation, SHA-1 remains widely used in 2017 for document and TLS certificate signatures, and also in many software such as the GIT(More)
We present collisions for a version of SHA-1 with modified constants, where the colliding payloads are valid binary files. Examples are given of colliding executables, archives, and images. Our malicious SHA-1 instances have round constants that differ from the original ones in only 40 bits (on average). Modified versions of cryptographic standards are(More)
Boundaries between layers of digital radio protocols have been breached by techniques like packet-in-packet: an attacker controlling the application layer payloads can, in fact, inject frames into lower layers such as PHY and LNK. But can a digital transmitter designed for a particular PHY inject frames into a different, non-compatible PHY network? We(More)
  • 1