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Lycopene, the red pigment of the tomato, is under investigation for the chemoprevention of prostate cancer. Because dietary lycopene has been reported to concentrate in the human prostate, its uptake and subcellular localization were investigated in the controlled environment of cell culture using the human prostate cancer cell lines LNCaP, PC-3, and DU145.(More)
A sensitive, simple and rapid assay based on hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography (HILIC) with tandem mass spectrometry was developed and validated for the quantitative analysis of metformin in human plasma using protein precipitation. Plasma samples were prepared using a protein precipitation solution containing acetonitrile, 0.5% formic acid and(More)
Antibody drug conjugates (ADCs) are complex molecules composed of two pharmacologically distinct components, the cytotoxic payload and the antibody. The measurement of the payload molecules that are attached to the antibody in vivo is important for the evaluation of the safety and efficacy of ADCs, and can also provide distinct information compared to the(More)
BACKGROUND The bioanalytical strategy for antibody-drug conjugates (ADC) includes numerous measurements integrally designed to provide comprehensive characterization of PK, PD and immunogenicity. This manuscript describes the utilization of reagents specifically tailored to an ADC with a microtubule polymerization inhibitor payload and cathepsin B cleavable(More)
2',4',4-trihydroxychalcone (isoliquiritigenin), a chalcone found in licorice root and shallots, exhibits antioxidant, estrogenic, and antitumor activities. To complement our previous studies concerning the phase 1 metabolism of isoliquiritigenin, the phase 2 transformation of isoliquiritigenin by human hepatocytes and pooled human liver microsomes (HLMs)(More)
Tobacco and Arabidopsis are two model plants often used in botany research. Our previous study indicated that the formaldehyde (HCHO) uptake and assimilation capacities of tobacco leaves were weaker than those of Arabidopsis leaves. After treatment with a 2, 4 or 6 mM HCHO solution for 24 h, detached tobacco leaves absorbed approximately 40% of the HCHO(More)
Among more than 50 provitamin carotenoids, beta-carotene is the most metabolically active source of retinol. Despite diets rich in fruits and vegetables containing beta-carotene, vitamin A deficiency is the leading cause of blindness and childhood mortality in developing countries. In addition, the uncertainty of beta-carotene bioconversion into vitamin A(More)
Reversed phase and hydrophilic interaction chromatography (HILIC) were successfully coupled for the on-line extraction and quantitative analysis of peptides by ESI-LC-MS/MS. A total of 11 peptides were utilized to determine the conditions for proper focusing and separation on both dimensions. Minor modifications to the initial organic composition of the(More)
BACKGROUND The bioanalytical strategy for antibody-drug conjugates (ADC) includes multiple integrated measurements of pharmacologically relevant ADC. METHODS & RESULTS Three ligand-binding assays were validated for the measurement of total antibody, active ADC and total ADC. Accuracy and precision demonstrate %bias from -8 to 14%, %CV from 3 to 11% and(More)
BACKGROUND Antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs) are complex drug constructs with multiple species in the heterogeneous mixture that contribute to their efficacy and toxicity. The bioanalysis of ADCs involves multiple assays and analytical platforms. METHODS A series of ligand binding and LC-MS/MS (LB-LC-MS/MS) hybrid assays, through different combinations of(More)