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A sensitive, simple and rapid assay based on hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography (HILIC) with tandem mass spectrometry was developed and validated for the quantitative analysis of metformin in human plasma using protein precipitation. Plasma samples were prepared using a protein precipitation solution containing acetonitrile, 0.5% formic acid and(More)
Lycopene, the red pigment of the tomato, is under investigation for the chemoprevention of prostate cancer. Because dietary lycopene has been reported to concentrate in the human prostate, its uptake and subcellular localization were investigated in the controlled environment of cell culture using the human prostate cancer cell lines LNCaP, PC-3, and DU145.(More)
Among more than 50 provitamin carotenoids, beta-carotene is the most metabolically active source of retinol. Despite diets rich in fruits and vegetables containing beta-carotene, vitamin A deficiency is the leading cause of blindness and childhood mortality in developing countries. In addition, the uncertainty of beta-carotene bioconversion into vitamin A(More)
2',4',4-trihydroxychalcone (isoliquiritigenin), a chalcone found in licorice root and shallots, exhibits antioxidant, estrogenic, and antitumor activities. To complement our previous studies concerning the phase 1 metabolism of isoliquiritigenin, the phase 2 transformation of isoliquiritigenin by human hepatocytes and pooled human liver microsomes (HLMs)(More)
Antibody drug conjugates (ADCs) are complex molecules composed of two pharmacologically distinct components, the cytotoxic payload and the antibody. The measurement of the payload molecules that are attached to the antibody in vivo is important for the evaluation of the safety and efficacy of ADCs, and can also provide distinct information compared to the(More)
BACKGROUND The bioanalytical strategy for antibody-drug conjugates (ADC) includes numerous measurements integrally designed to provide comprehensive characterization of PK, PD and immunogenicity. This manuscript describes the utilization of reagents specifically tailored to an ADC with a microtubule polymerization inhibitor payload and cathepsin B cleavable(More)
Here we report the first in situ high-pressure study of sodium amide (NaNH(2)) as an agent in potential hydrogen storage applications by using combined Raman and infrared (IR) spectroscopies at room temperature and pressures up to ~16 GPa. Starting with an orthorhombic crystal structure at ambient pressure, sodium amide was found to transform to two new(More)
Facial landmark detection is an essential module in many face related applications and it often appears as the most time consuming part in face processing pipeline. This paper proposes a fast and effective method for facial landmark detection using Haar cascade classifiers and a simple 3D head model, which not only detects the position of landmark points(More)
BACKGROUND Antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs) are complex drug constructs with multiple species in the heterogeneous mixture that contribute to their efficacy and toxicity. The bioanalysis of ADCs involves multiple assays and analytical platforms. METHODS A series of ligand binding and LC-MS/MS (LB-LC-MS/MS) hybrid assays, through different combinations of(More)
We propose and analyze an efficient way to enhance four-wave mixing (FWM) signals in a four-subband semiconductor quantum well via Fano-type interference. By using Schrödinger-Maxwell formalism, we derive explicitly analytical expressions for the input probe pulse and the generated FWM field in linear regime under the steady-state condition. With the aid of(More)