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Toll-like receptors (TLRs) expressed on cancer cells are closely associated with tumor development. In this study, we investigated the biological functions of the TLR9 ligand, CpG oligodeoxynucleotide (CpG ODN), on TLR9 expressed in the cytoplasm of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells. In vitro, human HCC cell lines were transfected with(More)
Metalloproteinase activities of a disintegrin and metalloproteinase 17 (ADAM17), amphiregulin (AREG), extracellular matrix metalloproteinase inducer (EMMPRIN), and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are involved in tumor biology. In patients with uterine cervical carcinoma, the expression and prognostic significance of ADAM17 remain to be fully elucidated.(More)
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) play a crucial role in the innate immune response and subsequent induction of adaptive immune responses. Recently, it has been noted that TLRs on tumor cells are involved in tumor development, and several TLR agonists, such as the TLR3 agonist poly(I:C) and the TLR9 agonist CpG ODN, are being developed as vaccine adjuvants and(More)
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