Angélique D. Ducray

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Creatine kinase catalyses the reversible transphosphorylation of creatine by ATP. In the cell, creatine kinase isoenzymes are specifically localized at strategic sites of ATP consumption to efficiently regenerate ATP in situ via phosphocreatine or at sites of ATP generation to build-up a phosphocreatine pool. Accordingly, the creatine kinase/phosphocreatine(More)
Huntington's disease (HD) is an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disorder, characterized by a prominent loss of GABA-ergic medium-sized spiny neurons in the caudate putamen. There is evidence that impaired energy metabolism contributes to neuronal death in HD. Creatine is an endogenous substrate for creatine kinases and thereby supports cellular ATP(More)
Neurturin (NRTN), artemin (ARTN), persephin (PSPN) and glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) form a group of neurotrophic factors, also known as the GDNF family ligands (GFLs). They signal through a receptor complex composed of a high-affinity ligand binding subunit, postulated ligand specific, and a common membrane-bound tyrosine kinase RET.(More)
Cell replacement therapy using mesencephalic precursor cells is an experimental approach for the treatment of Parkinson's disease (PD). A significant problem associated with this procedure is the poor survival of grafted neurons. Impaired energy metabolism is considered to contribute to neuronal cell death after transplantation. Creatine is a substrate for(More)
The development of the nervous system requires a strict control of cell cycle entry and withdrawal. The olfactory epithelium (OE) is noticeable by its ability to yield new neurons not only during development but also continuously during adulthood. The aim of our study was to investigate, by biochemical and immunohistochemical methods, which cell cycle(More)
Creatine is a substrate of cytosolic and mitochondrial creatine kinases. Its supplementation augments cellular levels of creatine and phosphocreatine, the rate of ATP resynthesis, and improves the function of the creatine kinase energy shuttle. High cytoplasmatic total creatine levels have been reported to be neuroprotective by inhibiting apoptosis. In(More)
Olfactory neurons (ON) which are located in the olfactory epithelium are responsible of odorous molecule detection. A unique feature of these cells is their continuous replacement throughout life due to the proliferation and differentiation of local neural precursors, the basal cells. Thus, experimental destruction of all ON induces a stimulation of basal(More)
Glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) is a potent survival factor for ventral mesencephalic (VM) dopaminergic neurons. Subpopulations of dopaminergic and non-dopaminergic VM neurons express the calcium-binding proteins calbindin (CB) and calretinin (CR). Characterization of the actions of GDNF on distinct subpopulations of VM cells is of great(More)
The myelin-associated protein Nogo-A is among the most potent neurite growth inhibitors in the adult CNS. Recently, Nogo-A expression was demonstrated in a number of neuronal subpopulations of the adult and developing CNS but at present, little is known about the expression of Nogo-A in the nigrostriatal system, a brain structure severely affected in(More)
In the adult brain, neural proliferation is almost absent and neurons are generally not renewed. By contrast, in the olfactory organ, olfactory neurons are produced continuously throughout life. To investigate whether specific cell cycle inhibitors are involved in the control of neural quiescence in adulthood, we compared their expression either in(More)