Angélica Valenzuela

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Stargazer mice have spike-wave seizures characteristic of absence epilepsy, with accompanying defects in the cerebellum and inner ear. We describe here a novel gene, Cacng2, whose expression is disrupted in two stargazer alleles. It encodes a 36-kD protein (stargazin) with structural similarity to the gamma subunit of skeletal muscle voltage-gated calcium(More)
Biological properties of chemokines are believed to be influenced by their association with glycosaminoglycans. Surface plasmon resonance kinetic analysis shows that the CXC chemokine stromal cell-derived factor-1alpha (SDF-1alpha), which binds the CXCR4 receptor, associates with heparin with an affinity constant of 38.4 nM (k(on) = 2.16 x 10(6) M(-1) s(-1)(More)
Although lipid peroxidation of biological samples may be assessed by different chemical and physical methods, those based on the measurement of malondialdehyde formed from the breakdown of endoperoxides during the last stages of the oxidation of a polyunsaturated fatty acid, appear as the most widely used. Among the various methods to evaluate(More)
The effect of thyroid hormone treatment on hepatic microsomal functions related to NADPH-dependent electron transfer reactions was studied in rats given 0.1 mg T3/kg BW for 1, 2, 3, and 7 consecutive days. This treatment resulted in increased rates of O2-. generation by microsomal fractions, concomitantly with an enhancement in NADPH oxidase activity and(More)
Adenosine deaminase (ADA, EC 3.5.4.4) is an enzyme of the purine metabolism which has been the object of considerable interest mainly because the congenital defect causes severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID). In the last 10 years, ADA, which was considered to be cytosolic, has been found on the cell surface of many cells and, therefore, it can be(More)
The flavonoid silymarin and one its structural components, silibinin, have been well characterized as hepato-protective substances. However, little is known about the biochemical mechanisms of action of these substances. This review deals with recent investigations to elucidate the molecular action of the flavonoid. Three levels of action have been proposed(More)
The enzyme xanthine oxidase has been implicated in the tissue oxidative injury after ischemia-reperfusion. This enzyme, which is a source of oxygen free radicals, is formed from a dehydrogenase form during ischemia. The ratio dehydrogenase/oxidase of rat kidney homogenates decreases during the ischemia and the reperfusion. Two flavonoids, quercetin and(More)
To evaluate copper nutritional status and the effect of a Cu supplement during recuperation, 27 marasmic infants were selected on admission to the nutrition recovery center at the Instituto de Nutrición y Tecnología de los Alimentos. Thirteen infants received 80 micrograms/kg/day of copper supplement as sulphate and the remaining a placebo. They were paired(More)