Angélica Thomáz Vieira

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The immune system responds to pathogens by a variety of pattern recognition molecules such as the Toll-like receptors (TLRs), which promote recognition of dangerous foreign pathogens. However, recent evidence indicates that normal intestinal microbiota might also positively influence immune responses, and protect against the development of inflammatory(More)
Diet and the gut microbiota may underpin numerous human diseases. A major metabolic product of commensal bacteria are short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) that derive from fermentation of dietary fibre. Here we show that diets deficient or low in fibre exacerbate colitis development, while very high intake of dietary fibre or the SCFA acetate protects against(More)
The appropriate development of an inflammatory response is central for the ability of a host to deal with any infectious insult. However, excessive, misplaced, or uncontrolled inflammation may lead to acute or chronic diseases. The microbiota plays an important role in the control of inflammatory responsiveness. In this study, we investigated the role of(More)
Intestinal ischemia and reperfusion injury is dependent on the recruitment and activation of neutrophils. Glibenclamide, an ATP-sensitive potassium channel (K(ATP)) blocker, has been shown to suppress neutrophil migration and chemotaxis during acute inflammatory responses by a mechanism dependent on its K(ATP) channel blocking activity. In the present(More)
1. Neutrophils are thought to play a major role in the mediation of reperfusion injury. CXC chemokines are known inducers of neutrophil recruitment. Here, we assessed the effects of Repertaxin, a novel low molecular weight inhibitor of human CXCL8 receptor activation, on the local, remote and systemic injuries following intestinal ischaemia and reperfusion(More)
The commensal microbiota is in constant interaction with the immune system, teaching immune cells to respond to antigens. Studies in mice have demonstrated that manipulation of the intestinal microbiota alters host immune cell homeostasis. Additionally, metagenomic-sequencing analysis has revealed alterations in intestinal microbiota in patients suffering(More)
PDE4 inhibitors are effective anti-inflammatory drugs whose effects and putative mechanisms on resolution of inflammation and neutrophil apoptosis in vivo are still unclear. Here, we examined the effects of specific PDE4 inhibition on the resolution of neutrophilic inflammation in the pleural cavity of LPS-challenged mice. LPS induced neutrophil recruitment(More)
Growing evidences suggest that Saccharomyces boulardii (SB) is efficacious against bacterial infections and inflammatory bowel diseases. This study investigated the effects of treatment with SB provided in a murine model of typhoid fever. Mice were divided into two groups: (1) control animals challenged with Salmonella Typhimurium (ST), and (2) animals(More)
Activation of the complement system has been shown to play a major role in the mediation of reperfusion injury. Here, we assessed the effects of APT070 (Mirococept), a novel membrane-localised complement inhibitor based on a recombinant fragment of soluble CR1, on the local, remote and systemic injuries following intestinal ischaemia and reperfusion (I/R)(More)
Mucositis is one of the most debilitating side effects of chemotherapy and some previous studies suggest a role for indigenous microbiota in the course of this pathology. Therefore, the aim of our study was to evaluate the differences in phenotype between germ-free (GF) and conventional (CV) mice, and the role of β-glucuronidase-producing bacteria in the(More)