Angèle Geldreich

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Replication of Cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV), a plant double-stranded DNA virus, requires the viral translational transactivator protein P6. Although P6 is known to form cytoplasmic inclusion bodies (viroplasms) so far considered essential for virus biology, a fraction of the protein is also present in the nucleus. Here, we report that monomeric P6 is(More)
Mammalian target-of-rapamycin (mTOR) triggers S6 kinase (S6K) activation to phosphorylate targets linked to translation in response to energy, nutrients, and hormones. Pathways of TOR activation in plants remain unknown. Here, we uncover the role of the phytohormone auxin in TOR signalling activation and reinitiation after upstream open reading frame (uORF)(More)
The protein kinase TOR (target-of-rapamycin) upregulates translation initiation in eukaryotes, but initiation restart after long ORF translation is restricted by largely unknown pathways. The plant viral reinitiation factor transactivator-viroplasmin (TAV) exceptionally promotes reinitiation through a mechanism involving retention on 80S and reuse of eIF3(More)
SUMMARY Taxonomic relationship: Cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV) is the type member of the Caulimovirus genus in the Caulimoviridae family, which comprises five other genera. CaMV replicates its DNA genome by reverse transcription of a pregenomic RNA and thus belongs to the pararetrovirus supergroup, which includes the Hepadnaviridae family infecting(More)
The open reading frame (ORF) III product (PIII) of cauliflower mosaic virus is necessary for the infection cycle but its role is poorly understood. We have used in vitro protein binding ('far Western') assays to demonstrate that PIII interacts with the cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV) ORF II product (PII), a known aphid transmission factor. Aphid(More)
The P6 protein of Cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV) transactivates translation of the CaMV 35S polycistronic pregenomic RNA and its spliced versions, and thus allows synthesis of a complete set of viral proteins. Previous studies have shown that P6 interacts with plant L18 and L24 ribosomal proteins and initiation factor eIF3, and it has been proposed that(More)
The plant viral re-initiation factor transactivator viroplasmin (TAV) activates translation of polycistronic mRNA by a re-initiation mechanism involving translation initiation factor 3 (eIF3) and the 60S ribosomal subunit (60S). QJ;Here, we report a new plant factor-re-initiation supporting protein (RISP)-that enhances TAV function in re-initiation. RISP(More)
The Cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV) open reading frame VI product (P6) is essential for the viral infection cycle. It controls translation reinitiation of the viral polycistronic RNAs and forms cytoplasmic inclusion bodies (viroplasms) where virus replication and assembly occur. In this study, the mechanism involved in viroplasm formation was investigated(More)
Gene I product of cauliflower mosaic virus was immunodetected in a cell-wall-enriched fraction from infected turnip leaves in addition to its detection in viroplasms and replication complexes. The immunoreaction was carried out with an antiserum raised against a 15 amino acid long synthetic peptide corresponding to the carboxy-terminus of potential gene I(More)
A Beet necrotic yellow vein virus isolate containing a fifth RNA is present in the Pithiviers area of France. A full-length cDNA clone of RNA-5 was obtained and placed under the control of a T(7)-RNA-pol promoter that allowed the production of infectious transcripts. "Pithiviers" isolate-specific necrotic symptoms were obtained on Chenopodium quinoa when(More)